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MASTIC provides a platform for technology transfer to enhance the application of local technology towards the development of the country's S&T capabilities. This database contained information on local products or technologies with potential for commercialisation resulting from R&D activities. This showed a selected products or technologies in TECHMart database.

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ID : tm287809751


DiSFoS towards Eco-Friendly Product

DiSFoS is to achieve a greener environment in the future. It will gradually replace polystyrene container with Dilenia suffruticosa container as it is more eco-friendly. They are biodegradable, environmentally-friendly and able to raise health awareness among the society.

Kota Kinabalu Sabah

ID : tm287819752


Dillenia Suffruticosa, The Future Innovation Towards Eco-Friendly Product

Polystyrenes are harmful as it contains a lot of dangerous chemical that is foreign to our body. Besides, it consumes much time to disintegrate and it also leads to environmental pollution. By using Dillenia suffruticosa leaves, we compressed it to create DiSFoS (Dilenia suffruticosa Food Storage) container which is more eco-friendly and biodegradable than polystyrene. This kind of plant grows vigorously on eroded soil, wasteland, forest edges and swampy areas. It has leaves (35cm long) and an oval leaves that cabbage-like with slight toothed edges. By promoting and applying DiSFoS, it can substitute polystyrene to have a greener product that is harmless to the environment and provide better healthy consumption to consumer because of its non-chemical product but from nature itself.

Kota Kinabalu Sabah

ID : tm287829753


CY-E-G Cyclo Electric Generator

We knew that in this 21th century, the world facing the energy crisis. The scientists still brainstorming on what is the most efficient energy which is non petrol based energy, or in a common name, Alternative Energy until now. Recently, scientists already had discovered alternative energy including tidal power, wind tunnel power, solar energy, nuclear power, hydro-electric, hybrid and many more. In our project, the magnetism plays the biggest part on producing electric current. Basically, the main idea is combining the simple motor principle with simple generator principle. When this two mechanism is combined, then, we can generate cyclic electric current without using battery or any other sources of electric. In addition, the materials used for this project are affordable for everyone. We only use, copper wire, magnet, LED, clip paper or pin, iron rod and gears.

Kota Kinabalu Sabah

ID : tm287839754


Cyclo Electric Generator (CY-E-G)

It is apparent that in this 21th century, the world is facing an energy crisis. In this project, magnetism plays the biggest part on producing electric current. It combines a simple motor principle with a simple generator principle. When these two mechanisms are combines, we generate cyclic electric current without battery or any other sources of electricity. The materials used are affordable for everyone. Copper wire, magnet, LED, clip paper or pin, iron rod and gears are used.

Kota Kinabalu Sabah

ID : tm2980710778


WHOLEmath: Educational Game for Mathematic

WHOLEmath is a board game that uses the concept of hole and show to challenge children to solve certain puzzles. This educational game allows students to explore multiple Mathematics concepts (numbers, shapes and mathematics operations) by just changing the paper which represents various mathematical problems. The use of holes to challenge the students problem-solving skill is a unique and new way to get them excited and interested in the game.

Kota Kinabalu Sabah

ID : tm2980810779


Wealth of Nation: Consumption, Saving and Investment in Islamic Economics

Poverty is an inevitable issue. In Islam, poverty must not be a voluntary conduct. Muslims should have both physical and spiritual strengths in order to search for the bounties of God. Hence, a society, together with every individual, should have an economic eye on the use of resources. It is the bounty of God, which man inherits (to use with trust). Islam motivates followers to make good earnings and spend them in accordance to Gods will. Muslims must be rich and prosperous in order to serve all the five pillars in Islam. It is crucial for Muslims to manage their fortune into blessed wealth. This paper discusses (i) the three major components in economics, namely consumption, saving and investment, from the Islamic perspective, and (ii) how the three could revive the economy and develop wealth for the Muslim ummah and to the country in general. It is to show that seeking wealth is not a sinful act in Islam and Muslim followers must be motivated to pursue wealth and prosperity.

Kota Kinabalu Sabah

ID : tm2980910780


Water Quality Remedition in an Aquaculture System using Aquamat and Aquaponic Filters

A partical understanding of water quality is essential to sustain aquaculture systems because it allows an assessment of environmental conditions and implementation of effective management strategies. Often, fish farmers do not have extensive training in water chemistry and as a result they may misinterpret or misapply information about water quality and subject, most aspects of general importance to farmers can be simplified to allow for easier understanding and practical approaches to management.

Kota Kinabalu Sabah

ID : tm2981010781


Transport Mechanism Across Ceramic Nanofiltration Membrane for Production of Isotonic Solution

The use of ceramic membranes has recently been gaining interest among many researchers. However, due to the complexity of the ceramic membrane, there is a need to investigate its transport behavior during the separation process. Ceramic NF membranes' filtration efficiency depends on steric (sieving) and electrical (Donnan) effects. Through these combination, there are may be high rejection rates of small uncharged solutes while the surface electrostatic properties allow monovalent ions to be reasonably well transmitted through with multivalents ions mostly retained. Transport equations used in this study are based on the extended Nernst-Planck equation, which is the fundamental relationship governing the transport of ionic species through membrane pores. The mass transfer in ceramic membrane will e more complicated compared to that in polymeric membranes due to the membrane surface charge effect.

Kota Kinabalu Sabah

ID : tm2981110782


Thermal Comfort House by Solar Powered Ventilation

This Thermal Comfort House design is based on the concept of natural draft cooling tower with a specially adapted chimney. The solar collector heats the air in the channel, causing it to rise upward as a result of stack effect. The adapted chimney enhances the cooling effect and people inside the house will feel more comfortable than under normal living conditions.

Kota Kinabalu Sabah

ID : tm2981210783


Therapeutic Effect of Organic Extracts of Merremia Borneensis Plant of Sabah

Cancer is the third major cause of mortality, accounting for more than seven million deaths per year worldwide. In Malaysia, approximately two million people, representing 7% of the total population, suffer from different types of cancerous diseases, and the figure is estimated to double by 2035. While cancer is an incurable disease, prevention is considered as an important treatment in cancer control. Most drugs currently available in the markets for the treatment of incurable diseases have limited potential because they are very toxic or expensive, and thus beyond the reach of the majority of the people. Hence, treatments without these disadvantages are needed. Diet can play a vital role in the prevention of various incurable diseases such as cancer and diabetics. Medicinal plants, fruits as well as vegetables with diversified pharmacological properties have been shown to be rich sources of ingredients with potential to prevent the incurable diseases. There is now an urgent need to search for novel and effective ingredients that may prevent the various incurable diseases. Convolvulaceae is a large and economically important family of flowering plants, and it is commonly known as the legume family or pulse family. About 900-1000 species of tropical climbing plants in this family are native to southern Asia. The Borneo Island is considered to have the highest species diversity in the world. Some species are found on the Borneo Island. Most of the species are being used by the Sabah ethnic communities as herbal medicine. They are also using the Merremia borneensis for the treatment of cancer, breast cancer, and fever. The literature search has revealed that still no works have been done on this plant by past researchers. For this reason, the aim of this work was to investigate the total phenolics, flavonoids, and antioxidant activities as well as phytochemical profiling of different organic extracts of this species which is native to Borneo.

Kota Kinabalu Sabah

ID : tm2981310784


The Semiotic Interpretations and Perceptions of the Bajau(s) in Sabah

Issues on sign and signification system, known scientifically as semiotics, is the focal point of this study, specifically on matters pertaining to Bajau culture and tradition of the west and east coasts of Sabah. This study aims to highlight the link between two dominant perspectives through semiotics guided by a Saussurean and the Peircean model. In addition, the cultural comparison between both communities will also be elucidated and these facets play a crucial role in generating their own ethnic identity.

Kota Kinabalu Sabah

ID : tm2981410785


The LCP Method: A New Technique To Measure Surface Tension

The Problems
- Advanced instrument is expensive( >RM100k) where low cost method is less accurate and tedious to use
- Accuracy of conventional method is affected by liquid properties

Product Features
- Flexible & affordable: choice of set-up (manual, semi or fully auto) to suit budget
- Easy to set-up and use
- Accurate, reliable and suitable for various types of liquids
- Patent filling in process
- Looking for interested partners: immediate commercialization and further development.

Kota Kinabalu Sabah

ID : tm2981510786


Studies on Development of Sensory Organs and Behavioral Changes in the Larvae of Groupers and Other Species of Aquaculture Importance

This study aims to achieve the following objectives of (1) to understand the development of each sensory organ in larval growth; (2) to understand how behavior changes with larval growth; (3) to improve larval rearing methods using the new knowledge from this study; (4) to determine the behavior and ecology of each species.

Kota Kinabalu Sabah

ID : tm2981610787


Stable Mass Production of Rotifer, Brachionus sp. using Tilapia, Oreochromis Niloticus Green-Water

In aquaculture, rotifer Brachionus sp. is the most extensively used zooplankton for rearing various marine and fresh water larval fish, during their first and second week of feeding. Production of rotifers has been dependent on the phytoplankton Chlorella which has been found to vastly improve the nutritinal quality of rotifers. Tilapisa is cultured with algae water which is known as green- water. This green-water is composed mainly of Chlorella. This study focuses on the production of Chlorella using tilapia culture at 10 ppt salinity which is the optimum salinity for rotifer production.Initial results indicate taht Chlorella production using tilapia culture is possible using all sizes of tilapia through control of stocking density and feeding rate. high density rotifer was cultured using Chlorella from this study.

Kota Kinabalu Sabah

ID : tm2981710788


SM-TUFF: An Alternative Adsorbent For Removal Of Cr(VI) From Waste waters

Waste waters from several industries, including electroplating and leather tanning are enriched with chromium (Cr). This heavy metal exist as Cr(VI) and Cr(III) in aqueous systems and Cr(VI) is about 200x more toxic than Cr(III). Adsorption is one of the methods for the removal of chromium from waste waters. However, except granular activated carbon (GAC), the existing commercial adsorbents are ineffective for Cr(VI)removal though highly effective for Cr(III).

Kota Kinabalu Sabah

ID : tm2981810789


SM TUFF
An alternative adsorbent for removal of Cr(VI) From Wastewaters


Wastewaters from several industries, including electroplating and leather tanning, are enriched with chromium (Cr). This heavy metal exist as Cr(VI) and Cr (III) in aqueous systems, and Cr(VI) is about 200x more toxic than Cr(III). Adsorption is one of the methods for the removal of chromium from wastewaters. However, except granular activated carbon (GAC), the existing commercial adsorbents are ineffective for Cr(VI) removal, though highly effective for Cr(III).
Low-cost alternative adsorbent for treatment of Cr(VI) - rich wastewaters.

Kota Kinabalu Sabah

ID : tm2981910790


Seed Production of Hybrid Groupers in A Hatchery System

Hybridization is interbreeding between two animals or plants of different taxa. The increase in the level of production traits due to acrossing is called hybrid vigour or heterosis. The term hybrid vigour points at the vigour, which is a real factor that can be seen with the naked eye, in comparison to pure breeding. Seed production of hybrid groupers is mainly about manipulating good characteristics of brood stock for stock improvement. Our research focuses on four grouper species specifically Tiger grouper- Epinephelus fuscoguttatus; Orange-spotted grouper- Epinephelus coioides, Giant grouper- Epinephelus lanceolatus and Mouse grouper- Cromleptes altivelis.

Kota Kinabalu Sabah

ID : tm2982010791


Root ROT Fungus Biofungicide

Essentials oils have shown incredible success with not only fungus problems but also many forms of root rot. This study aimed to evaluate and innovate a biofungicide from volatile components of Camellia sinensis leaves againstPoria hypolateritia (Synonym: Schizpora flavipora), that is responsible for red root rot in tea plantation. The volatile components were extracted from air-dried leaves of C.sinensis by using the steam distillation method, and its essential oil components were analyzed and identified through gas chromatography-mass spectrometry.

Kota Kinabalu Sabah

ID : tm2982110792


Programme Pekongsian University-Keluarga (PUPUK)

PUPUK is a part of medical program at University Malaysia Sabah. Medical students follow up a rural family for five years. This is a novel approach to medical education which brings benefits to both the student and the community. The project takes place in the region of Kudat on the Northern tip of Borneo. This are was chosen for the project since it was one of the most deprived areas of Malaysia. Families with health or social problems are identified by community leaders. Students see the families three times a year and during this time they assess their health related behaviors. The students are given a selection of questionnaires which they can administer to the family in order to understand them better. During the last two years of medical school the students can attempt to change health related behavior such as smoking or diet. This work is supervised by a member of the faculty who see the students three times a year.

Kota Kinabalu Sabah

ID : tm2982210793


Potential Antimicrobial Properties from Oil Palm Root Against Ganoderma Boninense

My current research interests are in several aspects of plant metabolomics and pathology. These include mechanisms of resistance including basal defenses and production of plant secondary metabolites mediated by the recognition of microbe associated molecular patterns (MAMPS) or after elicitation with various biotic or abiotic elicitors. In plants, recognition systems based on R genes allow specific detection of injected effector proteins, triggering Hypersensitive Reaction (HR) and establishing gene-for-gene interactions. Loss of the recognized effector has often allowed pathogens to continue parasitizing resistant varieties of hosts and break through gene-for-gene mediated resistance because other effectors are able to suppress basal defenses.

Kota Kinabalu Sabah

ID : tm2982310794


Plant RNA - Isolation kit

1. The LZB buffer contains strong reducing agent to prevent oxidation of polyphenols.
2. The PolyAway buffer is a high ionic strength solution that effectively separate co-precipitating poly-compounds from RNA molecules.

Kota Kinabalu Sabah

ID : tm2982410795


Physiological and Biochemical Responses of Maize to Drought Stress

Drought is one of the most serious worldwide problems in agriculture. Transient droughts can cause death of livestock, famine and social dislocation. Meanwhile, certain agricultural regions have consistently low rainfall and rely on irrigation to maintain yield. In both circumstances, crop plants which can make the most efficient use of water and maintain acceptable yields will be at an advantage. Water is essential to plant life. In order to survive, plants need water as well as nutrients which are absorbed from the soil by the roots. Water is transported throughout the plant almost continuously to keep its vital processes working. Therefore the maize crop requires adequate water at all stages of its physiological development to attain optimum productivity. Further, similar to other cereal crops, there are critical growth stages during the life cycle when lack of soil moisture can greatly impact grain production and yield. Drought stress alone can account for a significant percentage of average yield losses and is one of the greatest yield reducing factors in maize production. There are two facets to maize drought resistance which are affordability of irrigation systems and increasing pressure on water resources from sectors other than agriculture. Methodologically, two different varieties of maize will be subjected to water stress conditions. The leaf samples will be collected for measurement of physiological and biochemical parameter responses to drought stress. Several instruments will be used in this study to test the physiological parameters, such as, Li Cor 6400X Portable Photosynthesis and Chlorophyll Meter SPAD 502. This study aims to assess the physiological and biochemical changes of maize during water stress conditions. The importance of this research is to discover the physiological and biochemical changes in maize in a drought environment. Maize will display water stress symptoms and changes in the physiological as well as biochemical properties. Maize is an important food crop for humans and also as animal feed in livestock production. Hence, farmers will be able to save cost in water usage for maize production when drought conditions are experienced. This research will be advantageous for farmers if it is possible to produce maize successfully under water stress condition. Additionally, it will also benefit countries which face water scarcity and dry regions whereby the farmers can use less water to plant maize and thus overcome food shortages. They will be able to maintain maize cultivation with less water usage where water scarcity occurs. The results and findings of the study can be an indicator for water stress studies in future such as water use efficiency in maize production.

Kota Kinabalu Sabah

ID : tm2982510796


Phylogenetic Relationships between Prorocentrum and Dinophysis, Producing Dinoflagellates based on Ultrastructure and Mitochondrial Cytochrome b.

The main objectives of this study are (1) to determine the taxonomic relationship between Prorocentrum and Dinophysis based on platelet configutarion in the periflagellar area or the sulcal area of the theca; (2) to investigate similarities and differences in the plate configuration of the periflagellar areas of Prorocentrum; (3) to identify additional taxonomic characteristics to be used in the classification of Prorocentrum species; and (4) to determine the molecular phylogeny of Prorocentrum species based on mitochondrial cytochrome b.

Kota Kinabalu Sabah

ID : tm2982610797


Palm Kernel Based Wood Adhesive

In the race of improvement for better life, we are unaware that furniture and building around us are continuously producing toxic gasses. These gasses can be harmful to environment or might be carcinogenic to human. One of known gas is formalin. The gas is generated from the decaying process of wood adhesive used in the construction furniture and building. The usage of non formalin based wood adhesive can be one of the most appropriate solutions for this problem. One of novelty idea for formalin free wood adhesive is the production of palm kernel based wood adhesive. Outcome of this idea and research at UMS show that palm kernel posses capability to form superior wood adhesive. The production of this product is definitely will change the current practices and policies in world wood industries.

Kota Kinabalu Sabah

ID : tm2982710798


Osadhi Sensation - Natural Fragrances for Well Being

A Perfume can be defined as a blend of two or more fragrant materials that can be characterized by having olfactive properties to impart a pleasant scent or smell, or to emit a pleasing odor. Perfumes have a wide range of applications from personal uses; to mark a scent of feminity or masculinity, fragrance ambiance, aromatherapy to household cleaning products that are perfumed.

Kota Kinabalu Sabah

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