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ID : tm3445715428


Development of Pineapple Core Powder

Pineapple cores were collected at the Pineapple Cannery of Malaysia and Lee Pineapple Industry. The cores were placed in 2000 ppm SO2 solution to prevent spoilage. The cores were immediately washed upon reaching the lab and blanched for 2 minutes. They were then passed through a communiting machine. After grinding, the extra water was pressed out and the remaining materials were spread thinly on stainless steel drying trays. Drying was done in an electric dehydrator at 600C for 8-10 hours or until moisture content reached about 5%. After drying the dried products were passed trought a hammer mill and sieved to the power. The powder was packed in aluminium laminated film for further use. Chemical analysis of the powder was carried. The was tested on dehydrated fruit and bakery products.

Johor Bahru Johor

ID : tm3445815429


Development of fruits rolls

Drying of fully ripe fruit puree with other added ingredients to form a thin leathery sheet which car be roued before packing. The fruits suitable for procersing into fruit rools such as banana, papaya, guara, jackfruit, soursop and other pulpy fruit such as mango.

Johor Bahru Johor

ID : tm3445915430


Ternakan Ikan Siakap Air Tawar Di Belakang Rumah (Konsep Bumi Hijau)

Sistem ternakan yang digunakan adalah tangki gentian kaca atau polyethylene berserta dengan sistem penapisan dan pam air. Benih ikan siakap (sekurang-kurangnya 4 inci digunakan, ditebar (kadar 50- 75 ekor dalam 1 tan air). Pemberian makanan dilakukan sekurangkurangnya 2 kali sehari (pagi dan petang) sehingga ikan kenyang. Pertukaran air perlu dilakukan apabila parameter air merosot (diluar julat optimum untuk ternakan) dan bila diperhatikan ikan tidak lagi galak memakan makanan. Air perlu ditukar 90 peratus selepas 2 minggu digunakan. Air yang digunakan hendaklah dipastikan bebas daripada klorin. Ternakan ikan siakap ini mengambil masa 5-7 bulan sebelum ia mencapai berat purata 500 g dan bersedia untuk di tuai. Tangki ternakan hendaklah ditutup dengan net orkid jika tangki tersebut diletakkan ditempat terbuka. Ini bertujuan bagi mengelak ikan mengalami tekanan jika suhu air meningkat.

Johor Bahru Johor

ID : tm3446015431


SitroPro : Ekstrak Herba Sabagai Rawatan Alternatif Terhadap Jangkitan Parasit Protozoa Pada Ikan Marin Ternak

Penggunaan SitroPro telah berjaya mengatasi masalah jangkitan penyakit Hexamitiasis dan Trichodiniasis di FRI Gelang.Selain itu , rawatan menggunakan bahan semulajadi terhadap jangkitan ikan ternakan adalah salah satu alternatif yang lebih selamat untuk meningkatkan produktiviti industri akuakultur , seterusnya dapan menjamin keselamatan dan kesihatan pengguna.

Johor Bahru Johor

ID : tm3446115432


Parit Konkrit Dalam Kolam Asuhan Untuk Memudahkan Pengutipan Benih Ikan

Fisheries Research Institute (FRI) Gelang Patah atau sebelum
ini dikenali sebagai Pusat Penyelidikan Ternakan Air Payau telah mengubahsuai kolam asuhan biasa tanpa menjejaskan fungsi asal. Ini dibuat dengan membina sebuah parit konkrit (1.0 m lebar dan 0.7 m panjang) serta mencuram dari pintu air masuk sehingga ke pintu air keluar. Kelebaran parit sebanyak 1.0 m memudahkan kerja-kerja pengendalian. Dasar kolam dibuat mencuram ke bahagian tengah untuk memudahkan pengeringan kolam dan penangkapan benih ikan. Pengubahsuaian ini adalah adaptasi daripada kaedah asuhan benih ikan dalam sistem palong yang dapat mengalirkan air secara berterusan dan mengekalkan kesihatan benih ikan. Selain itu, benih ikan akan terkumpul dalam parit di kawasan pintu air masuk untuk mendapatkan air yang bersih dan menyebabkan tiada benih ikan yang tertinggal di dasar kolam dan kadar hidup benih boleh ditingkatkan semasa pengutipan.Air dimasukkan secara terkawal melalui pintu air masuk dan dipam keluar dengan kadar yang sama di bahagian dihujung pintu air keluar.Ini dibuat dengan tujuan untuk memastikan benih ikan sentiasa berada di dalam keadaan aktif dan sihat sebelum ditangkap. Alat penyekat juga
digunakan untuk memudahkan proses pengutipan dan mengurangkan
tekanan.

Johor Bahru Johor

ID : tm3446215433


Kaedah Penternakan Dan Penghasilan Artemia Dewasa Secara Intensif Bagi Bekalan Makanan Rega Ikan Marin

Bagi tujuan menyediakan prasarana dan teknologi penghasilan
Artemia biojisim secara intensif atau satu modul penghasilan
diwujudkan dengan penghasilan 1 kg biojisim/tan isipadu ternakan.
a) Kemudahan Ternakan
Kemudahan ini terdiri dari tangki gentian kaca (650 L). Tangki tersebut dipasangkan empat tiub pengudaraan untuk bekalan oksigen dan bagi menjamin taburan makanan dan taburan
ternakan yang efisien. Air ternakan disedia pada kemasinan 30
ppt yang terlebih dahulu disteril dengan bahan aktif klorin.
b) Keperluan Sista Artemia dan Pemakanannya
Sejumlah 20 g sista Artemia ditetaskan untuk hasilkan purata
3 juta naupli dan membentuk kepadatan dalam tangki pada
5,000/L. Semasa ternakan, makanan yang diberi ialah dedak
beras yang disaring dengan penapis bersaiz mata 50 m. Kadar pemberian makanan adalah 50 g dedak pada hari pertama diikuti 20 g sekali penggunaan untuk tiga kali aplikasi sehari pada jam 0800, 1200 dan 1600.
c) Pengurusan Ternakan
Pertukaran air pada kadar 30% pada hari kelima dan 20% selang
sehari dilakukan untuk mengekalkan mutu air ternakan pada
tahap optima. Bagi tujuan ini, dua jenis penapis kecil bersaiz mata 150 m dan 350 m disediakan. Tiub getah dengan diameter 15-20 mm dijadikan hos supaya tekanan tarikan semasa pertukaran air diminimumkan.
d) Hasil
Biojisim Artemia (dewasa) bersaiz 0.4-0.5 cm TL selepas 10-12
hari ternakan boleh dituai pada kadar purata 250,000 ekor atau10% kadar kemandirian Biojisim Artemia. Ia sedia untuk diberimakan kepada rega ikan sementara menunggu tempoh peralihan kepada makanan jenis rumusan.

Johor Bahru Johor

ID : tm3131412285


xGTWay: Parallel Java Unit Testing Execution Tool with Task Resumption Facility

Unlike existing execution tools, xGTWay has the following unique features: supports parallel and automated unit test execution for Java programs and supports resumption facility, that is, upon interruption, the overall test execution need not start from the beginning. It integrates seamlessly with t-way automated test data generator. It also adopts intuitive look-and-feel GUI.

Nibong Tebal Pulau Pinang

ID : tm3131512286


Wi3D Planning Tool

The Wi3D Planning Tool can be used by wireless designers to reduce the time consuming site surveys tasks, especially the multiple floors indoor enviroment, ans it is programmed to help designers to calculate the link budget, including the attenuation from the monitored live enviroment and from the planned simulation. Multi-objective optimization is applied for generating multiple results, such as the signal strenght or coverage, signal to noise ratio (SNR), data rate and overlapping channel interface. The complexity of the WLAN radio propagation from a multiple floor building can be visualized from the genarated contours with colors, which overlap between floors and create 3D when floors are properly aligned. The effects of the attenuation between flooors and obstructions can be seen when wireless designers complete the walkbout WLAN site surveys or simualations.

Nibong Tebal Pulau Pinang

ID : tm3131612287


Water-based epoxy Foam

Improvement in foaming, production techniques and properties of thermosetting foams have contributed to their prominence as materials for wide range of applications. The matrix of this foam is based on cross-linked polymers so that, like the bulk plastics from which they are derived, they have generally good resistance to solvents and most chemical.

Nibong Tebal Pulau Pinang

ID : tm3131712288


Vibration Absorber for Electric Grass Trimmer

Prolomged use of electric grass trimmer exposes the user to the risk of hand-arm vibration syndrome (HAVs). Measurement of the existing electric grass trimmers available in the market showed vibration level total value of 5.96m/s. Europen Union Directive in 2005 has specified the action value of the vibration level of the handle of power tools at 2.5 m/s which safety precautions must be taken and limit value at 5.0m/s which cannot be exceeded at any time. Based on this safety directives, the use of the electric grass trimmer is limited to 1.5 hours daily to avoid damaging the hand. VibrationAbsorber is a device specifically designed to absorb vibration from electric grass trimmer and protect your hand. This device is designed besed on Tuned Vibraration Absorber principle and can be used to absorb most of the vibration energy. With easy installation in minutes you can reduce the vibration level up to 95% to give your hand protection from the damaging high vibration level whioh can lead to vibration white finger sysndrome. This is an investment in safety. Protect your hand from excessive vibration of the electric grass trimmer. Use VibrationAbsorber.

Nibong Tebal Pulau Pinang

ID : tm3131812289


Vermiculture technology

Vermiculture technology is the process of breeding and using earthworm as the main agent to convert organic waste into an organic fertilizer that also act as soil conditioner, soil additive and natural pesticide. In vermiculture technology, organic waste is a resource/food for the earthworm.

Nibong Tebal Pulau Pinang

ID : tm3131912290


Value Added Eco-Friendly Poly (Lactic Acid) Nanocomposites [Sustain-NanoPLA]

The rapid increase in the volume of use for synthetic polymers has contributed to the solid waste management problems. There is a growing trend on potential marketing benefits of green and sustainable products, reduction in carbon dioxide gas emissions and the conservation of the earth's fossil resources. Polymers prepared from renewable and sustainable resources can be designed, synthesized, and engineered by enviromentally compatible routes and can disposed after service life of the product by degradation (composting, etc). Poly (lactic acid)(PLA) has attracted great interest due to its renewable resources, biocompatibility and bio degradability. Although PLA contributes high strength and stiffness to the resulting products, but its toughness, heat distortion temperature (HDT) and gas barrier properties are not satisfactory. Value Added Eco-Friendly Poly (lactic acid) Nanocomposites [Sustain-NanoPLA]
- A Better Choice and Solution !
(1) Nanocly at low filler concentration - significant improvement in mechanical and thermal properties of PLA
(2) Maleated rubber - Enchance interaction of PLA and nanoclay, Better dispersion and exfoliation of nanocly
The Value-Added Eco-Friendly Poly (lactic acid) Nanocomposite offers:
- High toughness
- Ease of moldability
- Compostable
- Good color stability

Nibong Tebal Pulau Pinang

ID : tm3132012291


USM-ROV : A portable remotely-operated vetricle (ROV) for under water Inspection

Robot for underwater inspection. Low cost & Low maintenance cost - Portable design - Build in Malaysia

Nibong Tebal Pulau Pinang

ID : tm3132112292


Underwater Electric Propulsion

ROVs nad AUVs are intensively being used in the offshore oil and gas exploration and production, underwater pipeline monitoring and maintenance, surveillance nad rescue operation, military operation, marine and enviromental impact assessments, salvage operation and hydrographic survey. The electrical actuators provide several advantages in comparison with mechanically actuated systems. In this project, we have designed, developed and prototyped an electrically actuated thruster as a direct drive propulsion system based on a 3-phase permanent magnet brusless machine for underwater applications. The non-linear design and analysis of the permanents magnet brussless motor are entirely performed in propeller, thus providing a peak thrust of 25N for the underwater manoeurve. Critical maximum output torque and efficiency at 48Vdc battery supply. Other electromagnetic considerations such as maximum speed capability, maximum output torque and efficiency at 48Vdc battery supply. Other electromagnetic considerations such as cogging torque, slot numbers and pole numbers are also addressed. Half-effect sensors are embedded inside the motor structure in order for the motor to successfully operate in bldc mode. The optimized motor design has been prototyped and tested to work as direct drive propulsion system. The results obtained from the experiment conducted in laboratory in an open water testbed show satisfactory performance with a rated 15N continual bollard thrust at 1200rpm motor speed.

Nibong Tebal Pulau Pinang

ID : tm3132212293


TORQ-P.com

TORQ-P.com based on Cu-NbC conductor composite was fabricated from Cu-Nb-C powders using a new high pressure torsion process. A mixture of the Cu-Nb-C powders was placed in circular holder of 20mm diameter and 0.25mm depth at the lower anvil of the HPT facility. The mixture of powders was then compacted at am extreme high pressure of 5 GPa and simultaneously rotated under the imposed pressure of 5 GPa at a rotation speed of 0.5 rpm. No process control agents were used and the powders (and consolidated sample) were only in contact with the anvil at the sample surface. After 20 turns of HPT, in situ Cu-NbC composite was formed with full density and without any contamination. The Cu-NbC composite was annealed at 700 degree of Celsius for 1h. The best ever reported combination of electrical conductivity (68% IACS) and tensile strength (622 MPa) for such composites was obtained in a sample of composition Cu-1 vol% NbC.

Nibong Tebal Pulau Pinang

ID : tm3132312294


Titano- An Excellent Air Purifier

Industrial development has brought prosperity to millions of people, but has also left a legacy of enviromental damage that continues to impact natural resources and ultimately the human well being. One of the largest problem now affecting the entire world is air pollution. As the world has industrialized and its population has grown, the problem of air has intensified. umans breath an average of over 3,000 gallons of air every day, according to the Enviromental Protection Agency (EPA), USA. Children have smaller body masses, so air pollution will affect them more quickly and more harmfully. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), an estimated 1.5 billion people are breathing dangerously high levels of pollution every day. WHO also reported that polluted air is one of the top ten causes of premature death worldwide. Therefore, it is important to find a sustainable sollution to treat the polluted air to allow us to lead a safe, secure and high quality life in harmony with the globale enviroment.

Nibong Tebal Pulau Pinang

ID : tm3132412295


THERMOILSET: A Flexible Bio-Epoxy

There are some alternative to flexible PVC such as thermoplastic elastromers, ethylene vinyl acetate and metallocene catalyzed polyolefins. Nevertheless, these PVC alternaties also lead to undesireable enviromentak issues. The solution is vegetable oil is a good candidate to substitute the petroleum-based feedback based on their superior sustainabily, availabilty and renewabilty. THERMOILSET, a flexible bio-epxy, made from epoxidized vegetable oils is set to replace plastized PVC. As mentioned before, the benefits are good flexibility, ease of processabilty, versatility, enviromental friendly, renewable resources, cost effectiveness and greener materials.

Nibong Tebal Pulau Pinang

ID : tm3132512296


The Development and Implementation of Digital Smart Community Platform Using RFID (Radio Frequency Identification) System

A Contactless EPC Class1 Gen2 Passive RFID has been developed for a short range application from 2-3 meters.

Nibong Tebal Pulau Pinang

ID : tm3132612297


Telecommunication, Computer, Miccoelectronic, Robotic/Automation and Powers

Research and Development, High-End training in above fields

Nibong Tebal Pulau Pinang

ID : tm3132712298


Techniques for enhancing efficiency of cellular phone antenna

By choosing the second resonance frequency, the antenna gain is increased. This is effective for the frequency of 1.5 GHz to 2.5 Ghz. The bandwidth is enough for IMT2000 and the input impedance of 50 ohms. The advantages of the antenna are the design is simple, better gain compared to normal helical antenna and physically strong and flexible. A formula to relate the resonance frequency and the design parameters has been found. by having a reflector, the performance of the antenna is improved by 3 dB. The antenna radiation pattern can be deviated so that the beam is radiating forward and therefore less energy is heating the user`s head.

Nibong Tebal Pulau Pinang

ID : tm3132812299


Synthetic biomaterials for bone grafting

Rekagraf is a local product developed from a chemical modification and innovation on a base calcium phosphate composition. Through reformulation work based on solid solution substituion, the reformulated calcium phosphate body has been designed to mimic the human bone in all its characteristic so that it may be used to replace disease bone. Thus this novel material has found its application in the field of orthopaedic, maxillofacial, dental, otorhinolaryngology and neurosurgery in Malaysia

Nibong Tebal Pulau Pinang

ID : tm3132912300


Synthesize of Nanoporous Ceramic Membrane with Bimodal Pore Size Distribution Using Nanosized Template.

A solid template will be blended into bedmate sol to create secondary pores in y-alumina membrane after calcinations. The creation of secondary pores is tremendously important as they reduce transport resistance greatly in ceramic membrane. Apart from developing the ceramic membranes with bimodal pore size distribution, this research will study the permeability behavior of the ceramic membrane with bimodal pore size distribution using a stirred membrane cell. Pure water permeability test, molecule weight cut off test and dye separation test will be used to help understand its permeability behavior. As the ceramic membranes have great resistance to aggressive chemical and high temperature, the novel ceramic membrane is suitable for applications in the textile industry to remove residual dye as the nonporous ceramics membranes have a molecular cut-off of < 1000 Da. In addition, the novel ceramic membrane has better permeation compared to conventional ceramic membranes. Thus, the novel ceramic membrane will be applied in the textile wastewater treatment in the final stage of the research.

Nibong Tebal Pulau Pinang

ID : tm3133012301


Synthesis of y-alumina with Uniform pore Structure and Enhanced Functionality in Oxidation Reactions of Styrene

The main objective of the research is to synthesize ?alumina with bimodal pore size distribution and reduced diffusion resistance in catalytic reaction. The solid template (polystyrene beads or vanadium oxide nanotubes) will be blended into boehmite sol to create desired pores in the -alumina after calcinations. Using the centrifugal force or filtration effect, the template will be self-assemble in the boehmite sol. Primary pore size distribution originally exists in the boehmite sol and the secondary pore size distribution is created by removing the solid templating units during calcinations. Creating secondary pores is tremendously important as the catalytic process occurs more efficiently in a material with bimodal pore size distribution. This is because the secondary pores reduce the diffusion limitations were to exist in a catalyst with unimodal porous structure. After synthesizing and characterizing the -alumina with orderly arranged secondary pores, the ?alumina will be applied in oxidation reaction of styrene. The influence of the transition metals incorporated and their structural features on catalytic activity and product selective in styrene oxidation will be studied in the final stage of the research.

Nibong Tebal Pulau Pinang

ID : tm3133112302


Synthesis of nanofiltration composite polyamide membrane using monomeric diamines mixture and its performance evaluation.

Polyamide composite nanofiltration membranes are fabricated under different polymerization time, diamine ratio and organic phase content. The effect of polymerization time on pore size is not significant for reaction times less than 120s but the effective thickness/porosity seems increase drastically even at low polymerization time. Besides, membranes prepared with the addition of 0.05% 3,5-diaminobenzoic acid (BA) shows improvement in terms of flux and exhibits high rejection of divalent salt like metals ion. However, the flux started to reduce at higher BA content because of the decreasing membrane porosity. This means that diamine ratio is a crucial factor to produce an optimum membrane.

Nibong Tebal Pulau Pinang

ID : tm3133212303


Suspended Handle Adaptor for Petrol Engine Powered Grass Trimmer

This new suspended handle adaptor was designed to reduce the vibration level (ahv). The handle adaptor allows the whole handle of a grass trimmer to be suspended and used for ANY design of handles. The performance of this device has significantly lowered the hand-arm vibration level to 2.69ms-2.

Nibong Tebal Pulau Pinang

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