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ID : tm2984910820

Genetic Diversity of Sabah Traditional Rice

Rica, Oryza sativa L. is one of the staple foods for more than half of the world population. It is planted all over the world, including Malaysia except Antartica and Artic. According to a previous report by Garris et al. (2005), rice has been domesticated since 5-10000 years ago, a similar time for wheat and maize. Rice is predominantly autogamous and, therefore, gene flow is restricted. As a result, geographically or ecologically distinct groups of rice are expected to show greater genetic differentiation than would be the case in an outcrossing species. A substantial proportion of genetic diversity is reported to be residing between homozygous lines within a landrace or traditional rice cultivars. The traditional cultivars are also reported to have several important agronomical traits which are useful for modern rice breeding. Such traits are tolerance to abiotic stresses (i.e. salt, drought, climate and iron deficiency), and resistance to diseases and pests (i.e blast, bacterial blight, planthoppers and tungro). To date, there have been more than 500 accessions of Sabah traditional rice recorded at the Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute (MARDI), Agricultural Research Centre (ARC) under Sabah Agriculture Department and International Rice Research Institute (IRRI). However, details of the genetic information on important agronomical traits are not available on these varieties. A systematic planning and strategy to explore the useful genes residing within the Sabah traditional rice germplasm are needed. This effort is probably beneficial for future rice improvement programmes in Sabah.

Kota Kinabalu Sabah

ID : tm2985010821

Functional Seaweed Snack With Prebiotic

The invention features a novel healthy snack delivering the benefits of prebiotic extracted from seaweeds. It is designed to be microwaveable for convenience and fast-paced lifestyle without jeopardizing the joy of snacking

Kota Kinabalu Sabah

ID : tm2985110822

FOREST TEA TM: An Aromatic Herbal Tea from Wild Edible Plants of Sabah

Herbal tea an infusion made of fresh or dried concoctions of different part of the plants, e.g. flowers, roots, seed and leaves. Herbal tea have been used for hundred of years both for their recognizable medicinal properties as well as refreshing beverages.
FOREST TEA TM is a natural herbal tea that made exclusively from blends of edible wild plants from Sabah rainforest. The distinctive combination of a few edible wild plants (finger grass, pickerel weed, etc) in specific ratio and drying process provides the tea infusion with unique and delightful aroma and colour. Making those nutritious edible wild plants in herbal tea from enable consumers to enjoy the potential health benefits of these native plants whenever and wherever they are.

Kota Kinabalu Sabah

ID : tm2985210823

Firmeco, Eco-Friendly Edible Cutlery

Firmeco is the eco-friendly edible cutlery for home usage, fast food outlets, cafes bakeries, pre-packed foods and catering services. It is made from seaweed and natural ingredients, providing innovative, functional and convenient eating tool for all towards zero waste society.

Kota Kinabalu Sabah

ID : tm2985310824

Financial Literacy: How Do University Students Fared

There is increasing evidence related to personal finance mismanagement involving younger generation of Malaysians. Failure to manage personal finance affairs would result financial stress. Occupational psychologists warn that stress at work exhibits itself in such ways as demotivation, physical and mental withdrawal from task and ineffectiveness. Since literature has linked financial illiteracy and financial stress, this research aims to determine the level of financial literacy of university graduates as they are the future drivers of Malaysia's economy.

Kota Kinabalu Sabah

ID : tm2985410825

eRF-SWARM : Evolution of Swarm Robotic Controllers Using RF-localization

An automated synthesis technology has been developed and implemented for generating adaptive and rebust autonomous robot controllers.
RF technology is used as the localization method for robot coordination and task identification. Robot controllers are able to work collectively and intelligently as a group to solve a complex task of box-pushing using RF-localization technology.
Multi-objective artificial evolution is used as the automated controller synthesis technology that is able to optimize robot's task solving abilities and at the same time optimize the robot controller's neural network (ANN) architecture.

Kota Kinabalu Sabah

ID : tm2985510826

Enriched Live Feed For Marine Finfish Larvae

The beneficial effect of phototrophic bacteria are manifold. The bacteria contained protein, lipids, vitamins, minerals, carotenoids and other co-factors which could have potential applications as feed enhancer. The biomass when added together with other feed it improves water quality, increases grazing ability and reduces metamorphosis period in shrimp larvae. Bacteria also produces antivirus compound that suppress viral diseases and vitamins that enhance gonad development in fishes. This research finding shows Artemia naliplii as carries of phototrophic bacterium or as live feed enrichment for culturing marine finfish larvae.

Kota Kinabalu Sabah

ID : tm2985610827

Engineering Studies on The Solid State Fermentation of Palm Kernel Cake

Palm Kernel Cake (PKC) is a by product from palm oil mills which is usually turned into soil conditioners or ruminant feed. However, with proper Solid State Fermentation (SSF) PKC can be converted into poultry feed. The engineering questions that this research seek to answer include the modelling, optimisation, design and scale up of large scale bioreactors for the SSF process. As this work is strongly influenced bty the strain of microorganism utilised, we are working closely with the UMS Biotechnology Research Institute.

Kota Kinabalu Sabah

ID : tm2985710828

Effect of Seaweed and Geotextile on Seawater Quality and Fish Growth in a Fish Hatchery

Farmed animals are hostage to the water quality. They have certain requirements of their environment that must be met if they are to survive. For most of these requirements there is an optimum level and range within which they survive, albeit in a stressed state. How severe the stress is will depend on how far the water parameter is from the stocked animal's optimum levels. Outside this range, the animal will die.

Kota Kinabalu Sabah

ID : tm2985810829

Effect of Prenatal Stress on Rat Hippocampal Neurogenisis and the Influence of Pyramid environment: A Morphological and Biochemical Study

This study is aims to assess the effect of prenatal stress on the morphology of hippocampal neurons, to study the effect of prenatal stress on neurohumoral & biochemical parameters of brain areas, to investigate the effect of prenatal stress on post natal neurogenesis of hippocampal neurons, to assess the effect of the pyramid environment on prenatal stress and to study the influence of housing in the pyramid on previously stressed rats.
It has potential application on human patients for rehabilitation therapy as an adjuvant (anti-stressor pyramid therapy) in treating patients suffering from cancer pain, certain psychiatric illnesses,anxiety etc.

Kota Kinabalu Sabah

ID : tm2985910830

E-COUNCIL: Assessment Tools for Management-Union/ Employees Partnership

Joint Consultation Committee (JCC) which is represented by the management and union/employees is the best mechanism for fostering a strong partnership at workplace. Therefore, a web-based union/employees and management partnership evaluation and analysis tools was developed (E-Council). The innovation of this product is web-based, two-way communication and therefore accessible anywhere and anytime. It provides a security login password, an alert system and a reminder. The potential market for this innovation is Government Linked Companies (GLC companies), government agencies, PEMNADU, MAMPU, CUEPACS, MTUC and MEF.

Kota Kinabalu Sabah

ID : tm2986010831

Development of Species-Specific Markers for Pyrodinium bahamense Var. Compressum Based on 18s Ribosomal DNA Sequences

Pyrodinium red tides (or harmful algal blooms, HABs) have been a frequent phenomenon in the coastal waters of west Sabah since it was first reported in 1976. The species, Pyrodinium bahamense var. compressum produces toxins in shellfish known as paralytic shellfish poisoning (PSP). PSP in humans is caused by consumption of shellfish contaminated with these toxins produced by the HAB species. PSP is the syndrome caused by toxins called saxitoxins. Saxitoxins are neurotoxins that act to block the movement of sodium through nerve cell membranes, stopping the flow of nerve impulses causing the symptoms of PSP, such as numbness, paralysis, disorientation and also death through respiratory paralysis, there is no antidote for PSP. The identification og the causal species Pyrodinium bahamense var, compressum in field samples is problematic because the red tides do not discolour the water and the species occur in low cell densities. Identification of the red tide algae using light microscopy is time-consuming and tedious when detecting the target species among the complex natural communities in the seawater sample. Development of a DNA probe for specific red tide species can assist in rapid identification, which contributes to the early detection of toxic red tides in the future. Specific oligonucleotide primers were developed for the identification and detection of the red tide alga, Pyrodinium bahamense var. compressum. The oligonucleotide primers were directed against the ribosomal DNA region of the Pyrodinium. This oligonucleotide primer can be developed as a DNA probe specifically for the identification of Pyrodinium bahamense var. compressum. However, the oligonucleotide primer should be evaluated under field conditions for several years before confirmation of its specificity.

Kota Kinabalu Sabah

ID : tm2986110832

Development of Combine Harvester in Seaweed Cultivation

In the up-stream sector of seaweed industry, especially utilising the varieties of Kappaphycus and Eucheuma, planting, harvesting and transporting contribute to about 80% of labour usage. The remaining 20% labour is mainly for seeding selection and drying activities. To counter this condition, a Combine Harvester was invented to mechanise planting and harvesting. Seaweed Mini Estate System makes farm management more efficient and increase productivity per unit area. In a larger scale of seaweed farming, Combine Harvester is highly recommended.

Kota Kinabalu Sabah

ID : tm2986210833

Determination of Optimum Light Intensity for Larval Rearing of Sea Bass and Tiger Grouper for Aquaculture

This study carries five main objectives which are firstly, to record the morphological development of the eYes and lateral line system in the larvae and juvenles of the sea bass Lates calcarifer and tiger grouper Epinephelus fuscogttatus. Secondly, the research seeks to determine the feeding ability of the larvae and juveniles under varying light conditions during the developmental stages of eYes and literal line system. The third objective is to determine survival and growth rates of larvae and juveniles under various light conditions and fourthly, to determine the optimal lighting conditions for larval and juvenile growth. Lastly, the research paper aims to recommend a feeding strategy based on the light conditions for fish larval and juvenile growth in aquaculture.

Kota Kinabalu Sabah

ID : tm2986310834

Computer Based Module To Assess Creativity

One new aspect in this research is the types of reward schemes introduced as a motivation factor. Assessment is done individually but it reflects the motivating factor for creativity in the school students. Creativity is assessed by fluency and originality of the idea by an individual. Three reward schemes are contingent reward to performances, non-contingent reward to performances and no reward. This research highlights the impact of rewards on creativity. Usually rewards were used to increase the behavior of individual but in this research, mental process was associated with the rewards. Results indicate reward contingent to performances increases creativity.

Kota Kinabalu Sabah

ID : tm2986410835

Colorectal Cancer Alert Kit

We are developing a non-invasive method to screen for a specific cell cycle gene expression using real-time PCR technology for early stage of colorectal cancer.

Benefits of Kit
- Non-invasive
- Simple
- Easy handling
- Specific and sensitive
- Early detection of polyps/cancers

Kota Kinabalu Sabah

ID : tm2986510836

Changes in the Academic Profession in Malaysia 2010 (CAPM)

Changes in the Academic Profession in Malaysia 2010 (CAPM) project is well positioned to understand the orientations and actions of knowledge workers, especially those of the academic profession who occupy the central position in the knowledge dissemination and production process. In this era of rapid change stimulated by globalization and national policies promoting the knowledge economy, it is essential to understand the stimulus for CAPM, particularly in higher education. This research therefore aims to explore the nature and extent of changes experienced by the academic profession in recent years by covering six key aspect of academic work, which include career and professional situations, genera; work situations and activities, teaching, research, management and governance, and community engagement. It also intends to compare its findings with those from earlier Changing Academic Profession (CAP) studies such as the First International Survey of the Academic Profession carried out in 1991 in 14 nations, and the 2006-2007 CAP survey in Malaysia, to ascertain the extent of changes in the said profession. This research involves the participation of academics from both public and private institutions of higher learning in Malaysia, but does not include those from public and private colleges, polytechnics and teacher education institutions. The outcome of this research is expected to be considered in policy formulation pertaining to the relationship between the academic profession and higher education, mainly the Ministry of Higher Education, and both public and private higher education institutions in Malaysia. It is also expected to generate future research in the areas of the academic profession and higher education.

Kota Kinabalu Sabah

ID : tm2986610837

C-Channel - An Efficient Precast RC Floor Panel For Modern Building

Conventional normal weight concrete (NWC) and lightweight concrete (LWC) developed at UMS using OPS (Oil Palm Shell) solid waste are recommended for production of C-Channel. It is made with 1m width and various lengths. It is a structurally efficient and quality assured floor product. C-Channel is full precast product using reinforced concrete having steel within allowable limit. It is developed in 3.2, 4.2, 5.2, 6.2, 7.2 and 8.2 m lengths. Total concrete used are 0.30 m3 for 3.2 m, 0.42 m3 for 4.2 m, 0.57 m3 for 5.2 m, 0.73 m3 for 6.2 m, 0.89 m3 for 7.2 m and 1.07 m3 for 8.2 m length. It saves concrete from 35.34 to 47.80% compared with conventional floor. It reduces weight from 35.34 to 56.50% thus enhancing handling and transport capacity and reducing structural weight. It's allowable service load capacity is very high from 11.56 to 26.71 kN/m2 for NWC and from 12.95 to 22.30 kN/m2 for LWC as uniform distributed load (UDL). It is very cost effective and it claims better sound insulation property and having service facilities. It also claims no water leaking effect. It's production is very small and medium entrepreneurs to venture into prefabrication of C-Channels. It does not need any topping concrete after final placement thus avoiding temporary propping. It's deflection recovery is between 92-95% for NWC and 84-100% for LWC. It is highly recommended for use in modern building as per Industrial Building System (IBS).

Kota Kinabalu Sabah

ID : tm2986710838

Cassava Composite Lumber (CCL) From Agriculture Waste Of Cassava Stems

Social and economic developments of humans are largely dependent on the better utilization available resources. Humans have from ancient times made great use of wood-based products as they are the most available resource. Increased environmental consciousness particularly on recycling of traditional materials, unprecedented forest resource degeneration and global warming, however has led to world-wide efforts to develop bio-composites from non-wood resources. Sustainable lignocellulosic resources are available in different forms of non-wood based fibers and agricultural residues. Non-wood commercial fibers include jute, sisal, kapok, kenaf, flax, hemp, ramie, etc. Agriculture residues include stalks of most cereal crops, rice husks, coconut fibers (coir, bagasses, maize cobs, peanut shell and other agriculture residues). Non-wood lignocellulosic resources have for a long time being used to produce composites. Today, the men-made lignocellulosic composites are becoming attractive in both commercial and non-commercial applications.Plant-based composite, especially those from the agriculture residues plants may in the future become materials to replace wood and polymer based composite in terms of their attractive specific properties, lower cost, simple processing technologies, eco-friendliness and ability to be recycled after use. The performance and quality of the plant fiber-based composite can be further improved by adopting appropriate engineering techniques. Must of the recent developments of bio-composites from non-woody lignocellulosic resources have been aimed at improving the quality and performance of the product. However, apart from attaining these core attributes, the composites produced from these resources offered several other advantages among them being the achievement of improved mechanical properties.

Kota Kinabalu Sabah

ID : tm2986810839

BioDARA : A toolkit to Extract Biomedical Information and Structuring Based on Data Summarization

The data summarization performed by BioDARA can be beneficical in summarizing biomedical datasets in a complex multi-relational environment, in which biomedical datasets are stored in a multi-level of one-to-many relationships. BioDARA presents an algorithm that transforms biomedical datasets in a multi-relational setting into a vector space model that is suitable to clustering operations, as a means of aggregating or summarizing multiple instances.

Kota Kinabalu Sabah

ID : tm2986910840

Banana Fiber Plastic Composite

Now days, agriculture is an important sector in Malaysian economy. Traditionally, agriculture materials have been shipped away for processing or disposed after post harvest. Diversification of the industry is crucial in encouraging economic stability and growth. Value-added processing would helps in agricultural diversification. Banana trunk, is a waste bi-product of banana cultivation. Hence, banana trunk fiber can be obtain for industrial purposes without any additional cost. Agriculture residues, produced from commercial processing of crop plants, are usually considered of a small inherent value and create disposal problem. However, these materials could in many cases represent an abundant, inexpensive and ready available source of renewable lignocellulosic biomass for different purposes. Banana plant is among those raw materials. In the world, 4,500,000 ha of cultivated area are occupied by banana plantations.Banana fiber plastic composite can be applied in the automotive industry such as for car dashboard, truck cover and upper interior part. This product also can be applied in the construction sectors. This products eventually will reduce the usage of polypropylene in the plastic industry at the same time utilize an agricultural residue to the fullest.

Kota Kinabalu Sabah

ID : tm2987010841

Artificial Inoculation Technique For Ganoderma Boninense To Oil Palm Root

A method of inoculating seedling with the fungus (Ganoderma Boninense), the causal agent of Basal Stem ROT (BSR) an important problem in oil palm industry in South East Asia and elsewhere is described. Symptoms of BSR similar to those found in the field were reproduces on seedling and the fungus was re-isolated from them, fulfilling the third and fourth of Koch's postulates. In brief, plants were sprayed with a suspension of G. boninense fragments which were incubated before at 25 Celsius in darkness for 12 days. Oil palm seedling root were later sprayed with a finely blended suspension of 17.5 ml of mycelia mixed with 50ul of Tween 20, scrapped from the entire surface of an 8cm diameter petri dish up by 20ml of Potato Dextrose Broth (PDB). The severity of the disease was assessed based on Horsfall and Barratt, 1945 Disease Severity Scale in correlation with ergosterol analysis.

Kota Kinabalu Sabah

ID : tm2987110842

Aquamat And Aquaponic Application For Water Recycling In Aquacultrure

Conserving precious water resource is absolutely essential to protect the environment during this period of of climate change. Aquaculture uses a large volume of water and often the discharge contains substances that adversely affect the environment. A new system that uses polymers in the form of aquamat and uses fish and plants that form food crops and makes use of nutrients that would otherwise pollute the environment if discharged is presented here. It is a model of environment friendly, low-carbon and efficient aquatic food production system. Aquamat forms a 3D structure that provides substrate for biological filters for water quality remediation by way of removal of ammonia and nitrite. Aquaponic combines fish and plant stocks in one unit. The waste originating from feeding and excretion in fish tanks is diverted to grow beds where seaweeds and other plant crops assimilate it into biomass for growth. The water thus purged of the waste products is diverted to fish tanks and this recycling process continues.

Kota Kinabalu Sabah

ID : tm2987210843

Ammonia Removal By Synthesized Polymeric Membrane

The objectives:
1. To synthesize polymeric membranes
2. To characterize the membranes: contact angle, thickness, porosity and pore size distribution, and
3. To study the mass transfer and removal efficiency of ammonia from saline water by direct contact membrane distillation (DCMD)

Kota Kinabalu Sabah

ID : tm2987310844

Acti-Yo-An Instant Probiotic Yoghurt Powder Incorporated with Herbal Extracts

Acti-YoTM is a newly established probiotic yoghurt powder, that is incorporated with standardized herbal extracts. Which does not require cold storage. The powder can be easily reconstituted into yoghurt and yoghurt drinks using cold water or used as an ingredient in a wide range of products. The viability and functional properties of the probiotics are well preserved throughout the shelf-life of the dehydrated product.

Kota Kinabalu Sabah

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