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ID : tm3002310994


Zero Cross Correlation Optical Code Division Multiple Access (OCDMA) Encoder/Decoder For Access Network Using FPGA

In this project, zero cross correlation code has been developed and embedded in optical encoder / decoder. The encoder / decoder consists of Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA), WDM Multiplexer (MUX) and optical switch technology for complete transmitter and receiver system design. It will be used to encode and decode optical source into useful signal to carry the data and transmit it using a single optical fibre.

Kangar Perlis

ID : tm3002410995


A Method of Producing Nanowires And A Product Derives Thereof

Silicon Nanowires is a new class of materials that have attracted attention and great research interest in the last few years because of their great potential applications in nanotechnology such as nanoelectronic, nanomechanical and biomedical engineering. Fabrication of Silicon Nanowires is one of the great challenges today. Conventional lithography methods are not capable to produce Nanowires and even with advance nanolithography sizes below 100 nm may not easily be achieved. The goal of this project is to form and produce very small Silicon Nanowires using a Top-Down Nanofabrication Method which involved Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) based Electron Beam Lithography (EBL) method. Initially, the Top-Down Nanofabrication Method based on EBL was the design of the Nanowires Pattern Design (NPD). The NPD has been done by software called RAITH ELPHY Quantum GDSII Editor. Next, the nanofabrication process flow development which consists of the detailed parameters and recipes are developed. Finally, the dimensions, developments and etch profiles of Siliocn Nanowires was investigated using High Power Microscope (HPM), imaging by Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) and surface topography by Atomic Force Microscope (AFM).

Kangar Perlis

ID : tm3002610997


Air Driven Bicycle

An engine that runs on compressed air with the only byproduct is air and can be used for transportation. A completed engine is assembled to a bicycle for demonstration purpose equipped with onboard rechargeable compressed air tank. The engine can be used indoor/warehouse for industrial forklift.

Kangar Perlis

ID : tm3002710998


BST Chemical Vapour Sensor

Barium Strontium Titanate (BST) thinfilm exhibits multimode properties which are Gas Sensing, Ferroelectric, Pyroelectric and Piezeoelectric.

Kangar Perlis

ID : tm3002810999


Chemistry Courseware for Form 5 (ALKENES)

This project has brings some benefits and advantages to the user of the system. It will become a new way in learning as it can give a new experience for students learning chemistry using animation in courseware. Besides that, this courseware is to use the concrete approach in teaching and learning module to increase student???s interest in learning chemistry in a new way which they can access rich media resource including animation, sound, picture and text and make the learning more exciting and entertaining. The expected output of this project is a collection of interactive learning, which can be operated using computer. The application should provide the interactive learning with simple animation. User should be able to understand the learning concept and answer the question given based on the notes and can play games that related to the learning. For the user interface design in this application contains design of a project or interface which player has direct contact with and which they interact to perform those activities. In this module, will provide some activity to allow student try to do what they have learn by drag the object to create the structure and name the isomers. Some element of animation was using in this module to make the learning more interesting. To make sure that development met user???s expectation and also to gain accuracy in terms of content presentation, testing was done to the target user and multimedia tester to show whether the application is successful or not.

Kangar Perlis

ID : tm3003211003


Dynamic-Active Washing Technology and Process

This is invention about a new introduced cloth washing method. It will require new technology so support these dynamic-active washing process. There is a non-rotating drum where the washing process takes place. It does not depend on the actuator which normally deficient which time to rotate and wash the cloth in the liquid solution. Water is directed pointed towards wash load and create abrasion and squeezing effect on the same time to carry the stain away from cloth. This active washing approach is more efficient than the available washing machine because there is pressurized water as a working liquid which ensure uniform mechanically cleaning. This could hence minimize the washing time and detergent used. The present of ultrasonic vibrator in the washing drum may further enhance the washing process. Figure 1 below are the process flow of the invention:

Kangar Perlis

ID : tm3003311004


Efficiency Increment of 0.5Hp Induction Motor By Using Different Thickness Of Rotor Steel Sheet

This project focuses on lowering induction motor copper loss and efficiency by varying the design of rotor frame by using different thickness of rotor lamination steel sheet and bar size and through research investigation; it is found that the loss can be reduced and efficiency will be increase by increasing the rotor bar slot size and lamination.

Kangar Perlis

ID : tm3003411005


Intelligent Green Buildings: Innovation for the Future

The Network Control System is equipped with Indoor Air Quality Sensor, Weather Station, IP Camera. It is built on the readily-available WSN and PXI System from MEMSIC and National Instruments. The ultimate goal of a harmonious building???s operation involves a complex coordination of diverse systems as Ventilation, Air Conditioning (HVAC), Indoor Air Quality, lighting control, structural integrity monitoring, access control and safety and security systems. Automation is required to optimize performance of disparate systems. Conventional wired networking solutions are expensive and often impossible to install in hard-to-reach areas of a building.

Kangar Perlis

ID : tm3003611007


M-Nose

An improved version of the in-house developed electronic nose. The prototype development involves hardware, software and the design and fabrication of case and odour capturing module. One of the main objectives of the development of MNOSE is to provide a lower cost alternative to the commercially available electronic nose and recognition system. The system is also designed to be superior pattern recognition ability. The prototype was developed using off-the-shelf components combined with rapid prototyping techniques. The Metal-Oxide Electronic NOSE (M-NOSE)is able to detect and differentiate different sample odours by recognizing the specific odour profile. The M-NOSE uses an mounted on a PCB. The odour profile are perceived as the individual odour fingerprint for that particular sample and uses artificial intelligence for recognition.

Kangar Perlis

ID : tm3003911010


Nano Structure Patterning By Standard CMOS Technology Process

The realization of reliable nano devices requires the improvement of fabrication techniques to form the nanometer-sized structures and pattern. Organizing these nano structures can be fabricated with a combination of lithography and etching techniques. However, these patterning technology encounters many challenges which arise from not only cost and time but also compatibility of current technology.

Kangar Perlis

ID : tm3004011011


Naturally Ventilated Solar Drying Structure and Shelve Facility for Drying of Agricultural Products

Naturally Ventilated Transparent Solar Drying Structure utilizes ventilation effect, blackbody concept and buoyancy. It was designed constructed and tested locally and abroad under United Nation Development Program (UNDP). In addition, multiple layer shelves were also constructed to facilitate the drying process. The solar dryer structure was designed to trap solar radiation energy that heat up in-house ambient air and also reducing air relative humidity by stack effect process. Moreover, the floor was painted black to increase radiation absorption and then radiates the heat by conduction, convection and radiation. The process of air thermal buoyancy (stack effect) is naturally induced by temperature different pressure between inside and outside temperature with the aid of adjustable windows and tall black chimney. The Solar Drying Structure was made of reinforced concrete foundation, reinforced concrete floor with painted finished, galvanized steel square hollow section frames, clear polyethylene thermic film cladding and black sheet metal chimney. The structure was designed according to standard engineering code of practice, natural ventilation and drying process requirements. These requirements induce high temperature, low relative humidity and high ventilation rate inside the structure. Ventilation is necessary to exchange the inside and outside air as a pre-requisite in the drying process. The structure was made pre-fabricated portal steel structural frame, straight side wall, gable roofing and chimney. The width, length and high of the structure are 9m long, 9m wide and 4m high respectively, while the chimney height is 6m. in addition, the structure has double door and bottom window (0.02% of total cladding) for the protection against insects and vent opening respectively. Numbers of four layers hardwood shelves were spaciously constructed inside the solar drying structure. The floor of the rack was made of galvanized steel mesh to provide convection hot air movement between the drying products. In addition, the shelves were built for proper working flow to facilitate material handlings.

Kangar Perlis

ID : tm3004211013


Novel Geopolymer Binder Friction Composites

Friction composite is an important part, especially in braking system for all types of vehicles. Phenolic resin is the most favourable binder in existing friction composites. Nowadays the development of geopolymer product was rapidly growth. The use of geopolymer materials as alternative binder in friction composites was a novel approach. The properties such as wear and mechanical are comparable to the existing phenolic based friction materials in the market.

Kangar Perlis

ID : tm3004411015


Novel Volcano Ash Artificial Geopolymer Aggregate New Technology Approach Using Geopolymerization Process with Low Temperature

Artificial aggregate with volcano ash (produced from freshly volcano mud) was evaluated as an aggregate that suitable used in concrete and lightweight concrete. This aggregate was produced by mixing the volcano ash alkaline activator which classified as geopolymer. The volcano ash artificial geopolymer aggregate can be formed by sintering process at 300 6000Cfor 1 hour. This artificial geopolymer aggregate have high strength, less water absorption and porosity with acceptable density which are comparable to the existence of aggregate in market. This aggregate can help to reduce global warming due to its geopolymerization process. In addition, the production of this volcano ash artificial geopolymer aggregate is using low temperature processing.

Kangar Perlis

ID : tm3004611017


Process Tomography Imaging Sensor

Process Tomography Imaging Sensor consists of an array of ultrasonic transducer pairs that were formed in a circular manner
and attached on the process column for visualizing the two-phase flow distributions. The size of the imaging sensor varies and
can be applied on small to huge industrial column. Some signal processing methods have been used to acquire the signal
information. For reconstructing the cross-section images, an image reconstruction algorithm namely the Linear Back
Projection Algorithm has proven to provide useful information of the internal characteristics of process column.

Kangar Perlis

ID : tm3004711018


Si Humidity Probe

Silicon based discrete devices in this work include MOSFETs, Gate Oxides, Resistors and Capacitors, show measurable sensitivity to various physical parameters.

Kangar Perlis

ID : tm3004811019


Silicon Wafer Based Resistor Sensor for Determining Body Temperature

In medical profession, body temperature indicates the state of one???s health. In making thermal measurement, a contagious disease may be spread through infected equipment. A disposable thermal sensor based on silicon resistor for measurement of body temperature was developed. The sensor is based on resistor fabricated using typical silicon wafer processes. It is simple yet sensitive. Being oxides the sensor is chemically inactive. Simple transduction circuit and a microcontroller are required.

Kangar Perlis

ID : tm3004911020


SnTiO3 Thin Film Optical Waveguide

This product is a thin film optical waveguide. The device will guide the optical waves based on concept of total internal reflection. In this work, stanium titanate (SnTiO3)solution was deposited on silicon substrate by using sol-gel deposition method. The SnTiO3 was used as a core on which the wave propagate through it. It was found that the power losses is adequate low that makes SnTiO3 to be a good optical waveguide.

Kangar Perlis

ID : tm3005011021


Surface Acoustic Wave Sensor System

This product is a surface acoustic wave sensing system consisting of a surface acoustic wave sensor and a fiber optic transmission system. The sensor has two interdigital transducers (IDTs). One of the IDTs function as a wave transmitter and the other as a wave receiver. The transmitter converts the electric field from a source to acoustic wave and the wave is converted back to an electric field at the receiver. Zinc titanate ZnTiO3 is used as a guiding layer. In this work, the sensors are applied for long-distance sensing using a fiber optic cable.

Kangar Perlis

ID : tm3005411025


Light Weight Roofing Tiles with Rubber Dust Powder & Cement

The used of cement clay roof in construction is for long decade. One of the draw back of clay titles is their weight very heavy and require certain heavy structural frame and decking of the roof. Rapid development in construction field caused the high demand on the lightweight composite.
On the other hand among the waste materials in the advancement of civilization, waste tires are a major concern because as standard of living increase, the number of cars on the roads is increasing rapidly, thus the generation of waste tires has increased at an alarming rate. These waste tires posses a lot of environmental, hygiene, aesthetic, and disposal problems worldwide. The effective recycling of waste tires is beneficial to protection of ecological environment and also saving of natural resources.
In this work an investigation was made to replace recycle tier rubber dust powder from Lagenda Mesra Sdn.Bhd, Bukit Mertajam in place of sand in cement matrix of the commercial cement clay roofing tiles.
In this research lightweight roofing tiles were made by varying different amount recycle rubber dust powder and cement and adjusted the required amount of water in mixing until a homogeneous mixture was obtained and finally molded between two cement clay roof tiles and kept at room temperature until totally set and dried in the sun. Two methods were conducted one curing the dried sample at 150C for 15 minutes and the another one without curing.
Test results indicate that 30% rubber dust powder can substitute in place of sand in making the roof tiles and the prepared roof tile is 30% lighter than the conventional clay roof tiles in the market. The uncured sample is nearly 18.4 % higher compression strength than the commercial cement clay roof tile. The cured sample is also 12.22% higher compression strength than the uncured sample.
The percent water absorption and percent water swelling of 30% rubber dust roof tile sample are 11.1% and 0.72 % respectively where for commercial cement clay roof tile is between 23 o 30 % for both parameters. The price of the rubber dust roof tile is 25% less than the commercial cement clay roof tile.

Kangar Perlis

ID : tm3012411095


EGG SHELL AS ABSORBENT FOR WASTE COOKING OIL

This project is an attempt to use chemically modified egg shell for oil absorbent materials. Normally egg shell is most often thrown away or discarded. Here, instead of throwing away, the egg shell is first pulverized to powder of appropriate size. Before final washing and drying, the powder is modified physically and chemically using some simple treatment to make it suitable as absorbent.
The modified egg shell is then examined for its absorbent properties for cleaning waste cooking oil. It is observed and noted that this new absorbent has full potential as absorbent materials. Amongst the numerous advantages of this absorbent include cheap, non toxic, biocompatible and very effective absorbent. However, it must be reiterated that this project is still at early stages where further detailed work need to be confirmed prior to attempt for commercialization.

Kangar Perlis

ID : tm3014011111


Green Composite From Water Hyacinth (Eichhornia Crassiper)

Green composite products are made from water hyacinth fibers and degradable agent bonded together with thermoplastic. The usage of water hyacinth fibers as the main filler for green composite is an advantage especially for the water hyacinth plantation owners. The result indicated that degradable agent showed the water hyacinth fiber-thermoplastic a strong evolution of the surface, which can be linked to the existence of water hyacinth fibers interaction resulting in a weak of water hyacinth fibers-chain mobility. This innovative technology is simple, efficient and environmentally friendly, and the lowest production cost.

Kangar Perlis

ID : tm3403015001


Safe Needle Remover

Digunakan untuk proses pemasangan jarum
suntikan kepada picagari guna semula dengan
selamat

Kangar Perlis

ID : tm3447515446


Stance Wheel

Alat bagi membantu pesakit yang berkerusi roda
untuk mendapatkan rawatan pergigian

Kangar Perlis

ID : tm3515315780


The freeze jacket

The freeze jacket is a jacket with a body conditioning. People can wear this jacket during hot day and this will made self cooling to the consumer.

Kangar Perlis

ID : tm3545516082


Lampu LED Berluminositi Tinggi dengan Gangguan Voltan Rendah

Lampu LED ini mempunyai lumens output yang lebih baik,
keperluan kuasa yang lebih rendah, sudut penglihatan yang
lebih baik dan gangguan voltan yang rendah.

Kangar Perlis

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