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ID : tm287819752

Dillenia Suffruticosa, The Future Innovation Towards Eco-Friendly Product

Polystyrenes are harmful as it contains a lot of dangerous chemical that is foreign to our body. Besides, it consumes much time to disintegrate and it also leads to environmental pollution. By using Dillenia suffruticosa leaves, we compressed it to create DiSFoS (Dilenia suffruticosa Food Storage) container which is more eco-friendly and biodegradable than polystyrene. This kind of plant grows vigorously on eroded soil, wasteland, forest edges and swampy areas. It has leaves (35cm long) and an oval leaves that cabbage-like with slight toothed edges. By promoting and applying DiSFoS, it can substitute polystyrene to have a greener product that is harmless to the environment and provide better healthy consumption to consumer because of its non-chemical product but from nature itself.

Kota Kinabalu Sabah

ID : tm287829753

CY-E-G Cyclo Electric Generator

We knew that in this 21th century, the world facing the energy crisis. The scientists still brainstorming on what is the most efficient energy which is non petrol based energy, or in a common name, Alternative Energy until now. Recently, scientists already had discovered alternative energy including tidal power, wind tunnel power, solar energy, nuclear power, hydro-electric, hybrid and many more. In our project, the magnetism plays the biggest part on producing electric current. Basically, the main idea is combining the simple motor principle with simple generator principle. When this two mechanism is combined, then, we can generate cyclic electric current without using battery or any other sources of electric. In addition, the materials used for this project are affordable for everyone. We only use, copper wire, magnet, LED, clip paper or pin, iron rod and gears.

Kota Kinabalu Sabah

ID : tm2980910780

Water Quality Remedition in an Aquaculture System using Aquamat and Aquaponic Filters

A partical understanding of water quality is essential to sustain aquaculture systems because it allows an assessment of environmental conditions and implementation of effective management strategies. Often, fish farmers do not have extensive training in water chemistry and as a result they may misinterpret or misapply information about water quality and subject, most aspects of general importance to farmers can be simplified to allow for easier understanding and practical approaches to management.

Kota Kinabalu Sabah

ID : tm2981510786

Studies on Development of Sensory Organs and Behavioral Changes in the Larvae of Groupers and Other Species of Aquaculture Importance

This study aims to achieve the following objectives of (1) to understand the development of each sensory organ in larval growth; (2) to understand how behavior changes with larval growth; (3) to improve larval rearing methods using the new knowledge from this study; (4) to determine the behavior and ecology of each species.

Kota Kinabalu Sabah

ID : tm2981610787

Stable Mass Production of Rotifer, Brachionus sp. using Tilapia, Oreochromis Niloticus Green-Water

In aquaculture, rotifer Brachionus sp. is the most extensively used zooplankton for rearing various marine and fresh water larval fish, during their first and second week of feeding. Production of rotifers has been dependent on the phytoplankton Chlorella which has been found to vastly improve the nutritinal quality of rotifers. Tilapisa is cultured with algae water which is known as green- water. This green-water is composed mainly of Chlorella. This study focuses on the production of Chlorella using tilapia culture at 10 ppt salinity which is the optimum salinity for rotifer production.Initial results indicate taht Chlorella production using tilapia culture is possible using all sizes of tilapia through control of stocking density and feeding rate. high density rotifer was cultured using Chlorella from this study.

Kota Kinabalu Sabah

ID : tm2981910790

Seed Production of Hybrid Groupers in A Hatchery System

Hybridization is interbreeding between two animals or plants of different taxa. The increase in the level of production traits due to acrossing is called hybrid vigour or heterosis. The term hybrid vigour points at the vigour, which is a real factor that can be seen with the naked eye, in comparison to pure breeding. Seed production of hybrid groupers is mainly about manipulating good characteristics of brood stock for stock improvement. Our research focuses on four grouper species specifically Tiger grouper- Epinephelus fuscoguttatus; Orange-spotted grouper- Epinephelus coioides, Giant grouper- Epinephelus lanceolatus and Mouse grouper- Cromleptes altivelis.

Kota Kinabalu Sabah

ID : tm2982010791

Root ROT Fungus Biofungicide

Essentials oils have shown incredible success with not only fungus problems but also many forms of root rot. This study aimed to evaluate and innovate a biofungicide from volatile components of Camellia sinensis leaves againstPoria hypolateritia (Synonym: Schizpora flavipora), that is responsible for red root rot in tea plantation. The volatile components were extracted from air-dried leaves of C.sinensis by using the steam distillation method, and its essential oil components were analyzed and identified through gas chromatography-mass spectrometry.

Kota Kinabalu Sabah

ID : tm2982310794

Plant RNA - Isolation kit

1. The LZB buffer contains strong reducing agent to prevent oxidation of polyphenols.
2. The PolyAway buffer is a high ionic strength solution that effectively separate co-precipitating poly-compounds from RNA molecules.

Kota Kinabalu Sabah

ID : tm2982510796

Phylogenetic Relationships between Prorocentrum and Dinophysis, Producing Dinoflagellates based on Ultrastructure and Mitochondrial Cytochrome b.

The main objectives of this study are (1) to determine the taxonomic relationship between Prorocentrum and Dinophysis based on platelet configutarion in the periflagellar area or the sulcal area of the theca; (2) to investigate similarities and differences in the plate configuration of the periflagellar areas of Prorocentrum; (3) to identify additional taxonomic characteristics to be used in the classification of Prorocentrum species; and (4) to determine the molecular phylogeny of Prorocentrum species based on mitochondrial cytochrome b.

Kota Kinabalu Sabah

ID : tm2982610797

Palm Kernel Based Wood Adhesive

In the race of improvement for better life, we are unaware that furniture and building around us are continuously producing toxic gasses. These gasses can be harmful to environment or might be carcinogenic to human. One of known gas is formalin. The gas is generated from the decaying process of wood adhesive used in the construction furniture and building. The usage of non formalin based wood adhesive can be one of the most appropriate solutions for this problem. One of novelty idea for formalin free wood adhesive is the production of palm kernel based wood adhesive. Outcome of this idea and research at UMS show that palm kernel posses capability to form superior wood adhesive. The production of this product is definitely will change the current practices and policies in world wood industries.

Kota Kinabalu Sabah

ID : tm2983010801

MyVNNeasy - Detection Kit for Nervous Necrosis Virus

Nervous necrosis virus (NNV) is a major viral panthogen infecting more than 30 species of marine fish and causing a serious threat to the aquaculture industry worlwide. It causes high mortality to newly hatched fish larvae and fish juveniles of up to three month old. The virus affects cells of nervous system resulting in cellular vacuolation and neuronal degradation in the central nervous system and retina. The infected fish showed abnormal swimming behavior but the present of NNV can only be confirmed using long and tiring histopathological method. In order overcome this problem, a reliable detection kit, time efficient and cost effective semi nested RT-PCR method derived from an innovative and creative idea is developed.

Kota Kinabalu Sabah

ID : tm2983810809

LesTani - A Potential Biofungcide for Present and Future Control of Ganoderma boninense the Devastating Pathogen of Basal Stem Rot

Optimal field production of oil palm in Malaysia and other countries of south East Asia are hampered by the presence of devastating Basal Stem Rot (BSR) disease caused by Ganoderma boninense. Oil palm has an economic life span of 25-30 years. BSR can kill more than 80 percent of stands by the time they are half-way through normal economic life. For more than 40 years, G. boninense continue to be a serious problem in some areas in Malaysia and Indonesia. Unfortunately application proven to be up to date, there is no single application reliable in suppressing or controlling the disease severity. Our research group in School of Sustainable Agriculture of Universiti Malaysia Sabah has found three important phenolic from oil palm root which was not reported before in oil palm that play a role in mechanism of resistance of oil palm to G. boninense. With the continuous effort and innovation, we come out with the right combination to manage G. boninense effectively.

Kota Kinabalu Sabah

ID : tm2984110812

INVENTION LestaniTM: A Potential BioFungicide for Present and Future Control of Ganoderma Boninense, the Devastating Pathogen of Basal Stem Rot

LesTaniTM is a formulation of phenolic acids effective in preventing and healing oil palm roots from Ganoderma Boninense Infection. In-vitro studies and green house trials results have shown this product to be successful in limiting the growth of G- boninense in infecting the oil palm roots.

Kota Kinabalu Sabah

ID : tm2984310814

Infra Red Field Data Transceiver

Barcode and RFID technologies have been experimented extensively in an enclosed environment of industrialized nations. Documented results are showing that indoor exchange of information can enrich the experience of visitors. However, when use outdoor, the experience is limited by the technologies itself

Kota Kinabalu Sabah

ID : tm2985210823

Firmeco, Eco-Friendly Edible Cutlery

Firmeco is the eco-friendly edible cutlery for home usage, fast food outlets, cafes bakeries, pre-packed foods and catering services. It is made from seaweed and natural ingredients, providing innovative, functional and convenient eating tool for all towards zero waste society.

Kota Kinabalu Sabah

ID : tm2985510826

Enriched Live Feed For Marine Finfish Larvae

The beneficial effect of phototrophic bacteria are manifold. The bacteria contained protein, lipids, vitamins, minerals, carotenoids and other co-factors which could have potential applications as feed enhancer. The biomass when added together with other feed it improves water quality, increases grazing ability and reduces metamorphosis period in shrimp larvae. Bacteria also produces antivirus compound that suppress viral diseases and vitamins that enhance gonad development in fishes. This research finding shows Artemia naliplii as carries of phototrophic bacterium or as live feed enrichment for culturing marine finfish larvae.

Kota Kinabalu Sabah

ID : tm2985710828

Effect of Seaweed and Geotextile on Seawater Quality and Fish Growth in a Fish Hatchery

Farmed animals are hostage to the water quality. They have certain requirements of their environment that must be met if they are to survive. For most of these requirements there is an optimum level and range within which they survive, albeit in a stressed state. How severe the stress is will depend on how far the water parameter is from the stocked animal's optimum levels. Outside this range, the animal will die.

Kota Kinabalu Sabah

ID : tm2986210833

Determination of Optimum Light Intensity for Larval Rearing of Sea Bass and Tiger Grouper for Aquaculture

This study carries five main objectives which are firstly, to record the morphological development of the eYes and lateral line system in the larvae and juvenles of the sea bass Lates calcarifer and tiger grouper Epinephelus fuscogttatus. Secondly, the research seeks to determine the feeding ability of the larvae and juveniles under varying light conditions during the developmental stages of eYes and literal line system. The third objective is to determine survival and growth rates of larvae and juveniles under various light conditions and fourthly, to determine the optimal lighting conditions for larval and juvenile growth. Lastly, the research paper aims to recommend a feeding strategy based on the light conditions for fish larval and juvenile growth in aquaculture.

Kota Kinabalu Sabah

ID : tm2987110842

Aquamat And Aquaponic Application For Water Recycling In Aquacultrure

Conserving precious water resource is absolutely essential to protect the environment during this period of of climate change. Aquaculture uses a large volume of water and often the discharge contains substances that adversely affect the environment. A new system that uses polymers in the form of aquamat and uses fish and plants that form food crops and makes use of nutrients that would otherwise pollute the environment if discharged is presented here. It is a model of environment friendly, low-carbon and efficient aquatic food production system. Aquamat forms a 3D structure that provides substrate for biological filters for water quality remediation by way of removal of ammonia and nitrite. Aquaponic combines fish and plant stocks in one unit. The waste originating from feeding and excretion in fish tanks is diverted to grow beds where seaweeds and other plant crops assimilate it into biomass for growth. The water thus purged of the waste products is diverted to fish tanks and this recycling process continues.

Kota Kinabalu Sabah

ID : tm2987510846

ACTIDERM - Natural Solution for Skin Infection

Emergence of antibiotic-resistant bacteria is regarded as an inevitable phenomenon and its increasing incidence has brought a new sense of urgency to the discovery and development of new antibacterial drugs. Regardless of the amount of investment involved in antibiotic discovery, there seems to be a finite life for the use of every drug without the fear of resistance. Present innovation was initiated to establish the potential use of locally sourced marine halogenated metabolite as "lead pharmaceutical compounds" in an effort to facilitate discovery of new drugs and combat the increase in antibacterial resistant bacteria. ACTIDERMc is produced using four halogenated chamigrenes isolated from red algae, Laurencia majuscula HARVEY, and formulated in kappa-carrageenan moisturing gel extracted from the commercially cultivated Kappaphycus alvarezii DOTY.

Kota Kinabalu Sabah

ID : tm2987710848

A New Method of Pathogen (Vibrio harveyi) Exclusion from Shrimp Culture

Shrimps are prone to bacterial and viral diseases.Their primary immune system is weak and they lack the ability acquire immunity by typical antibody production mechanism. Without effective biosecurity methods, the chances of infectious disease outbreak are high and a persistent cause of concern for shrimp farmers. Pathogen exclusion is therefore a key factor in sustainable development of shrimp aquaculture.Vibrio harveyi ranks as one of the most important bacterial pathogens which causes vibriosis in aquaculture. Traditional solutions are not effective and new methods are needed to address this issue. A new approach that integrated five components was developed to directly combat bacterial pathogen and boost the ability of shrimp to fight infection.

Kota Kinabalu Sabah

ID : tm2987910850

A Greenstone Lightweight Aggregate-Renewable and Sustainable Resource

This invention describes generally to a renewable and sustainable construction material, lightweight coarse aggregate in concrete production and particularly converting solid wastes as discharged from domestic, municipal,industrial,agricultural,construction and demolition debris sources into a fruitful green solution of disposal.

Kota Kinabalu Sabah

ID : tm2988010851

A Fiber Granule Board and Production Thereof

The present invention relates to a fiber granule board, in particularly a fiber granule board utilizing agricultural solid waste for use in the construction and the like industries.

Kota Kinabalu Sabah

ID : tm2988110852

A Construction Material Thereof

The present invention relates generally to a construction material and more particularly to agricultural solid waste reinforced construction material.

Kota Kinabalu Sabah

ID : tm2988210853

C-Channel' - An Efficient Precast RC Floor Panel For Modern Buildings.

Conventional normal weight concrete (NWC) and lightweight concrete (LWC) developed at UMS using OPS (Oil Palm Shell) solid waste are recommended for production of C-channel. It is made with 1 m width and various lengths. It is a structurally efficient and quality assured floor product.

C-channel is full precast product using reinforced concrete having steel within allowable limit.

It is highly recommended for use in modern buildings as per Industrialized Building Systems (IBS)

Kota Kinabalu Sabah

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