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MASTIC provides a platform for technology transfer to enhance the application of local technology towards the development of the country's S&T capabilities. This database contained information on local products or technologies with potential for commercialisation resulting from R&D activities. This showed a selected products or technologies in TECHMart database.

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ID : tm2981110782


Thermal Comfort House by Solar Powered Ventilation

This Thermal Comfort House design is based on the concept of natural draft cooling tower with a specially adapted chimney. The solar collector heats the air in the channel, causing it to rise upward as a result of stack effect. The adapted chimney enhances the cooling effect and people inside the house will feel more comfortable than under normal living conditions.

Kota Kinabalu Sabah

ID : tm2981310784


The Semiotic Interpretations and Perceptions of the Bajau(s) in Sabah

Issues on sign and signification system, known scientifically as semiotics, is the focal point of this study, specifically on matters pertaining to Bajau culture and tradition of the west and east coasts of Sabah. This study aims to highlight the link between two dominant perspectives through semiotics guided by a Saussurean and the Peircean model. In addition, the cultural comparison between both communities will also be elucidated and these facets play a crucial role in generating their own ethnic identity.

Kota Kinabalu Sabah

ID : tm2983310804


Molecular Characterization of Hybrid Groupers of Sabah, Malaysia

The rapidly growing aquaculture industry with an estimated value of over US$51 billion contributes significantly to total global fisheries production. Malaysia ranks fourth in Grouper production globally and there exists a significant potential for the development of this important fishery resource, considering the fact that the maritime territorial waters of Malaysia host a range of genetically diverse Grouper species. One of the major bottlenecks associated with the development of aquaculture in the country is the non-availability of high quality brood stock, with the requisite characteristics suited for aquaculture. In order to address this problem, the Borneo Marine Research Institute has developed four grouper hybrids based on four parental genotypes. The proposed study aims to characterise the four parental genotypes which are Epinephelus lanceolatis, Epinephelus coioides, Epinephelus fuscoguttatus and Cromileptes altivelis by constructing small insert genomic libraries for each species, followed by the elucidation of Mendelian inheritance patterns in the four hybrid genotypes developed using the four parental genotypes (Box 1.0). This will be the first study of its kind in Malaysia and will result in the development of approximately 400 to 600 molecular markers which will be deployed to characterise the population structure of the hybrid genotypes in terms of population genetic parameters such as allelic diversity, population structure cross-amplification of genomic loci, and the linkage of quantitative phenotypic traits to molecular markers. The results of this study will (i) facilitate the understanding of the process of genetic recombination in hybrids at a genomic level (ii) be of relevance to the selection of brood stock and juveniles with a high level of genetic fitness on the basis of data derived using molecular markers, and (iii) assist in the DNA fingerprinting and population diversity analysis of wild grouper populations. The data generated by the proposed study will have a significant impact on the fundamental understanding of the molecular genetic processes involved in the mechanism of hybridization and its effects on phenotypic characteristics (Box 2.0). The study will also facilitate the management of the brooder germplasm through the process of marker-assisted selection on the basis of genetic diversity, this will further translate into economic gains, as the fry selected for stocking will exhibit a higher growth rate and lower susceptibility to stress and diseases. In terms of achieving national food security, the study will provide Malaysian researchers with access to a database of molecular markers for application n current and future breeding programs.

Kota Kinabalu Sabah

ID : tm2984410815


Inclusion of Disabled People in the Sabah Workforce: An Investigation of Potential Factors

Paid work is of importance to everyone, including the disabled. It provides us the opportunity to earn an income, forge social relationships, and establish social and political status (Jameson, 2005). Conversely, unemployment or poor wages can result in poverty that may in turn restrict social and leisure pursuits (Jongbloed & Critchton, 1990). In the west, research (e.g., Graffam, Shinkfield, Smith & Polzin, 2002; HaYes & Macan, 1997; Kilbury, Benshoff & Rubin, 1992) has been conducted to investigate the factors that can influence the inclusion of disabled people in the workforce. However, research of this nature is lamentably still scarce in Malaysia. The lact of up-to-date statistical information on the disable population in our country can hamper our understanding of labor market activity relating to this population and development of effective policies to support disabled people in employment. Against this background, this study aims to contribute to the body of knowledge by investigating factors that may influence the inclusion of disabled people in Sabah workforce. The factors of interest include Malaysias recently passed Persons with Disabilities Act 2008, personal attributes (i.e., attributes of disabled people, and attributes of non-disabled people), and organizational context (i.e., job nature and organizational culture). Data will be obtained from a sample of employers via interviews and survey/s. The findings have significant implications for policy makers, employers and disabled workers with regard to the useful statistical data on the factors that can promote the inclusion of disabled people in the Sabah workforce specifically and in Malaysian workforce generally.

Kota Kinabalu Sabah

ID : tm2984610817


Higher Education and Social Cohesion: A Study of Sabah and Sarawak

Social cohesion is a societal condition that needs a continuous effort and practical approach to achieve. The fact that it has always been a concern for all in multicultural Malaysia has helped ascertain the aims of this research, which are to investigate the strength of social cohesion among undergraduates in Sabah and Sarawak, to understand how higher education contributes to promoting and preventing social cohesion, and consequently, to facilitate the formulation and implementation of unity programme policies in institutions of higher learning (IHLs). This study has found that social cohesion is closely correlated with curriculum and moderately correlated with co-curriculum, extra-curriculum and residential activities. As for compulsory courses offered in IHLs such as Ethnic Relations, Islamic and Asia Civilisation, Languages, and Basic Entrepreneurship, the results from this research has ruled out the Ethnic Relations Module as the course which is most important in strengthening social cohesion in IHL. It has also found that mastering the English Language is vital in view of globalization, and that the use of English as the medium of instruction does not undermine efforts towards the strengthening of social cohesion among Malaysians in IHLs. Outcome from the research is recommended in the policy implications for the ministry and universities. Policy implications for the ministry are in the development and improvement of curriculum, particularly on issues which involve social cohesion, in co-curricular and student activities, bridging the divide between science and non-science students and recognising the importance of the English language to facilitate national goal of transforming Malaysia into a regional hub of excellence in higher education. Meanwhile, policy implications to universities are, among others, to encourage oral communication in classes, incorporate cultural exchanges into course content, organise cultural festivities, and provide subsidies for guest students with host families.

Kota Kinabalu Sabah

ID : tm2984710818


Hepatoprotective Mechanisms of Selected Herbal Plants Native to Sabah, Malaysia

Liver diseases are considered as one of the most serious health problems given that liver is a major and important organ which is responsible for detoxification and deposition of endogenous and exogenous substances. Steroids, vaccines and antiviral drugs, which have been employed as a therapy for liver diseases, have potential adverse effects especially when administered for long terms. Therefore, it is essential to search novel agents that are efficient and have minimum side effects. Hence, hepatoprotective drugs from plant sources seem to be attractive alternatives. Herbal plants, such as Momordica charantia, Parkia speciosa; Homalanthus species, Andrographis paniculata, Cymbopogon citrates, Orthosiphon stamineus, Strobilanthes crispus, Merremia bornensis, Lonicera Japonica, Centella asiatica, Hoya coranaria and Eleusine indica, which are used as medicinal plants by local ethnic communities in Sabah, were selected for an evaluation of their antioxidant and hepatoprotectibe properties as well as their possible mechanism (s) of action.

Kota Kinabalu Sabah

ID : tm2984910820


Genetic Diversity of Sabah Traditional Rice

Rica, Oryza sativa L. is one of the staple foods for more than half of the world population. It is planted all over the world, including Malaysia except Antartica and Artic. According to a previous report by Garris et al. (2005), rice has been domesticated since 5-10000 years ago, a similar time for wheat and maize. Rice is predominantly autogamous and, therefore, gene flow is restricted. As a result, geographically or ecologically distinct groups of rice are expected to show greater genetic differentiation than would be the case in an outcrossing species. A substantial proportion of genetic diversity is reported to be residing between homozygous lines within a landrace or traditional rice cultivars. The traditional cultivars are also reported to have several important agronomical traits which are useful for modern rice breeding. Such traits are tolerance to abiotic stresses (i.e. salt, drought, climate and iron deficiency), and resistance to diseases and pests (i.e blast, bacterial blight, planthoppers and tungro). To date, there have been more than 500 accessions of Sabah traditional rice recorded at the Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute (MARDI), Agricultural Research Centre (ARC) under Sabah Agriculture Department and International Rice Research Institute (IRRI). However, details of the genetic information on important agronomical traits are not available on these varieties. A systematic planning and strategy to explore the useful genes residing within the Sabah traditional rice germplasm are needed. This effort is probably beneficial for future rice improvement programmes in Sabah.

Kota Kinabalu Sabah

ID : tm2986510836


Changes in the Academic Profession in Malaysia 2010 (CAPM)

Changes in the Academic Profession in Malaysia 2010 (CAPM) project is well positioned to understand the orientations and actions of knowledge workers, especially those of the academic profession who occupy the central position in the knowledge dissemination and production process. In this era of rapid change stimulated by globalization and national policies promoting the knowledge economy, it is essential to understand the stimulus for CAPM, particularly in higher education. This research therefore aims to explore the nature and extent of changes experienced by the academic profession in recent years by covering six key aspect of academic work, which include career and professional situations, genera; work situations and activities, teaching, research, management and governance, and community engagement. It also intends to compare its findings with those from earlier Changing Academic Profession (CAP) studies such as the First International Survey of the Academic Profession carried out in 1991 in 14 nations, and the 2006-2007 CAP survey in Malaysia, to ascertain the extent of changes in the said profession. This research involves the participation of academics from both public and private institutions of higher learning in Malaysia, but does not include those from public and private colleges, polytechnics and teacher education institutions. The outcome of this research is expected to be considered in policy formulation pertaining to the relationship between the academic profession and higher education, mainly the Ministry of Higher Education, and both public and private higher education institutions in Malaysia. It is also expected to generate future research in the areas of the academic profession and higher education.

Kota Kinabalu Sabah

ID : tm2987310844


Acti-Yo-An Instant Probiotic Yoghurt Powder Incorporated with Herbal Extracts

Acti-YoTM is a newly established probiotic yoghurt powder, that is incorporated with standardized herbal extracts. Which does not require cold storage. The powder can be easily reconstituted into yoghurt and yoghurt drinks using cold water or used as an ingredient in a wide range of products. The viability and functional properties of the probiotics are well preserved throughout the shelf-life of the dehydrated product.

Kota Kinabalu Sabah

ID : tm2987810849


A New Measure of the Intensity of Capital Account Openness

It is widely acknowledged that the long term economic development and growth of capital-scare countries depends on the flows of capital from those resource-abundant economies. Liberalizing the capital account is one of the approaches adopted by policymakers of these poor countries to promote growth. However, capital account liberalization is m=not a one-time event that constitutes an instantaneous and complete removal of barriers on capital flows. Instead, most countries liberalize their capital account by lifting individual restriction gradually over time. Given the potential beneficial ramifications on economic growth, the fundamental question is on how to measure capital account openness. As noted by Kose et al. (2009), many countries have capital controls that are quite strict on paper but ineffective in their enforcement, so their actual capital flows are quite high. At the other extreme, many countries are quite open to global capital markets on de jure basis, but in practice capital flows are minimal. Hence, to capture the degree of capital account openness, it is important to capture both the de jure (legal-based) and de facto (outcome-based) aspects so that its impacts on the economy will not be underestimated. Unfortunately, our extensive survey has found that the extant literature measures financial liberalization either on a de jure or de facto basis. Motivated by these shortcomings, the main objective of this study is yo construct a new composite indicator of capital account openness that captures both the de jure and de facto information. This index will be used to quantify the impacts of capital account liberalization on financial development (Baltagi et al., 2009), economic growth (Quinn and Toyodo, 2008), and the occurrence of financial crisis (Edwards, 2008). These new findings are expected to provide useful guides to policymakers in developing countries.

Kota Kinabalu Sabah

ID : tm2988410855


UMS wheel for bishop scoring

" Bishop scoring wheel " is an easy and simple way of calculating bishop score. It consists of 5 wheels each of which represents one component of bishop score. This wheel is unique in the sense of time saving , easily memorizable and applicable for obstetric management, especially in remote areas.

Kota Kinabalu Sabah

ID : tm3446515436


Cocoa-Based Toothpaste

The project is to formulate toothpaste and mouthwash that contain cocoa powder extracts.

Projek ini adalah untuk memformulasikan ubat gigi serta ubat kumur yang mengandungi ekstrak serbuk koko.

Kota Kinabalu Sabah

ID : tm3446615437


Cocoa-Based Shower Gel

This product is an antibacterial cocoa bath gel formulation.

Produk ini merupakan formulasi gel mandian koko yang bersifat antibakteria.

Kota Kinabalu Sabah

ID : tm3446715438


Cocoa-Based Shower Cream (with goat milk extract)

This product is produced by using cocoa fat that helps keep the skin fresh so it is always in a damp condition.

Produk ini dihasilkan dengan menggunakan lemak koko yang membantu mengekalkan kesegaran kulit agar sentiasa dalam keadaan lembap.

Kota Kinabalu Sabah

ID : tm3446815439


Cocoa-Based Oral Rinse

This mouthwash contains tannin extract from cocoa powder that helps to improve the effectiveness of cocoa gel toothpaste.

Ubat kumur ini mengandungi ekstrak tannin daripada serbuk koko yang membantu meningkatkan keberkesanan ubat gigi gel koko.

Kota Kinabalu Sabah

ID : tm3446915440


Cocoa-Based Body Scrub

This product is a formulation containing cocoa fats and cocoa fruit powder.

Produk ini merupakan formulasi yang mengandungi lemak koko dan serbuk kulit buah koko.

Kota Kinabalu Sabah

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