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ID : tm3138512356

MF Welding of Ceramic Composites to 6061 Aluminium Alloy

Ceramic-to-metal bonding presents huge challenges because of the large differences in the thermal expansion coefficients of the two types of materials. The degree of succes, when two different materials are joined, depends on factors such as the properties of the interface cretaed in the joined materials, which results in large residual stresses being generated during cooling from the joining temperature. Several techniques have been developed depending on the materials to be bonded such as solid state welding, direct diffusion bonding, hot isostic pressing, reactive metal bonding and active metal brazing. However, problems still exist that prevents maximum bonding efficiency between such different materials. In order to overcome these problems, friction welding could be the technique for producing high productive methods in joining similar and dissimilar metals and is widely used in automotive, aerospace and engineering applications.

Nibong Tebal Pulau Pinang

ID : tm3138612357

Membrane Fouling Reduction using Helical Baffles for Crossflow Microfiltration

The introduction of turbulence promoters such as helical baffles were shown to enhance permeate flux during crossflow microfiltration. Helical inserts reduce hold-up in the feed channel; increase fluid velocity and wall shear rates and produce secondary flows or instabilities. The investigation of the influence of helical baffles on permeates flux during the microfiltration of titanium dioxide (TiO2) dispersion and bakers yeast solutions has been carried out. Tubular, single channel ceramic membranes with nominal pore size of 0.2 mikrometer were used. Variations of the helical baffle geometries, which are the number of turns per baffle length, were investigated.

Nibong Tebal Pulau Pinang

ID : tm3138712358

Membrane Based Palm Oil Mill Effluent (POME) Treatment Pilot Plant

Palm Oil Mill Effluent (POME) is highly polluting brown liquid waste containing high Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD), suspended solid, oil and grease. the membrane based POME treatment plant is a compat plug-and-play system. It comprises coagulation-flocculation and membrane separation process. The coagulation-flocculation process utilizes biodegradable polymers to remove 50% COD,99% suspended solid, oil and grease. At the same time, sludge produced is recovered as high grade organic fertilizer. The membrane separation process comprises of ultrafiltration and reverse osmosis. The ultrafiltration serves as pretreatment to reverse osmosis. The reverse osmosis will reject all most all contaminations and recovers crystal clear water with US Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) drinking water standard.

Nibong Tebal Pulau Pinang

ID : tm3138812359

MECD-Device (MuLti-Error-Component-Detection Device) for high precision calibration

Increasing demand for high manufacturing, cost savings, highers productivity, reduction of expensive material scrapped and rapid analysis of production machine's performances are issues in modern manufacturing industry. So far, to solve the problems of geometric uncertainties in high precison machine tools, conventional technolofies still dominate worldwide, where the six-degree-of-freedom of geometric deviations are measured one by one. These techniques are expensive to operate because of time consuming. Moreover, it becomes difficult to integrate the mesurements results to the latest versions of CNC and 3CMM machines for geometrics deviation compensation. A more effective means is required. Based on The British Patent, MECD-Device is developed to measure simultaneously dy,dx,pitch, roll and yaw, the five out of six-degree-of-freedom of geometric deviatiions commonly experianced by a moving solid body in space. MECD-Device employs two parallel low powered He-Ne Laser beams as its datum, Using the configuration of two beam splitters ad three quadrant-array photo detectors, five out of six-degree-of-freedoms of geometrics deviations can be mesured simultaneously by reading the outputs of laser spots emitted on each cell of the quadrant-array detectors. The MECD-Device is categorized as a device for calibrarion of reference object.

Nibong Tebal Pulau Pinang

ID : tm3138912360

Magneto-rheological Directional Solenoid Valve

Magneto-rheological (MR) fluid (smart material) solidifies in the presence of magnetic field, thereby increasing the yield stress of the fluids. Using the rheological property of MR fluid, a new type of MR flow-directional hydraulic control valve can be designed with the absence of moving parts.MR directional solenoid valve combine four single MR valves which are aligned inside a valve body. Controllable fluid offers the promise of valve with no moving parts, low-cost directional control valves and miniature. MR directional solenoid valve that takes advantages of controllable fluids are simpler and more reliable. In additon, the MR fluids is an effecient means to interface mechanical components with electronic controls. MR directional solenoid valve can replace conventional directional solenoid valve to control hydraulic actuator which is widely used in heavy machinery.

Nibong Tebal Pulau Pinang

ID : tm3139012361

Macronutrients Composition Of 100 Kelantanese Foods.

Kelantanese foods have not been analyzed and properly documented in the Food Composition Table of Malaysia.

The ONLY 'nutrition encyclopedia' to guide patients with chronic diseases for their food choices and intake.

Reliable data and guidance for students, researchers, and other healthcare professionals.

Consists of validated knowledge and information of 100 Kelantanese foods.

Nibong Tebal Pulau Pinang

ID : tm3139112362

Limestone Filter to Remove Heavy Metals from Water

Limestone gives buffer capacity to precipitate insoluble metals to carbonated forms

Nibong Tebal Pulau Pinang

ID : tm3139212363

L-HPA: Cardio Drug Precursor

This invention comprises a device anmd process for production of L-HPA in a reaction solution which occurs in a novel integrated membrane bireactor for simultaneous reaction and retention of biocatalysts. Essential features of the invention include enhanced performance integrated one-unit-joint application meliorared membrane bioreactor for drug precursor production, online monitoring and control of pH and temparature, thus alleviation problem of unsteady state caused by manual regulation of reaction conditions, mild reaction conditons, high degree of operating flexibilty, efficient, reduces costs and supports green technology, and produces pure chiral L-homophenylalanine with enantiomeytric excess of over 99% so that furher purification and resolution is unnessary. Ultimately, this integrated membrane bioreactor system leads to improved performance for L-homophenylalanine production by increasing the efficiency of enzyme-catalyzed bioconversions, eliminating certain pieces of process equipments and attendant energy requirements.

Nibong Tebal Pulau Pinang

ID : tm3139312364

Leadframe stamping defect detector

The invention offers an automatic solution for detecting stamping defects in leadframes. The invention comprises of a monochrome CCD camera, back lighting and a personal computer fitted with a frame capture card. Images of leadframes are captured and processed within 2 seconds with a diagnostic message on the screen and an audible alarm output, thus enabling real-time inspection during the stamping process

Nibong Tebal Pulau Pinang

ID : tm3139412365

Landfill Technology/Leachate Treatment

Anaerobic digestion of solid waste. Production of gas and leachate. Leachate treatment facilities

Nibong Tebal Pulau Pinang

ID : tm3139512366

Knock-Down Remotely Piloted Vehicle (KD-RPV)

Remotely Piloted Vehicle (RPV) "TAMINGSARI" is a small airplane operated and controlled by an operator on the ground. It is used for aerial surveillance and reconnaissance (air photography and monitoring, sampling and air spraying of plantation and agriculture products, etc) in remote areas, in catastrophic regions or in the under-developing region. For the deployment and operation of the RPV "TAMINGSARI in such areas, the RPV "TAMINGSARI" is designed and constructed using the "knock-down" concept in which it can be dismantled into several small parts of airplane: the wing (3 parts:centre, right and left wing), the body (fuselage), the horizontal tail, the vertical tails, the lading gear, and the RPV system which can all be placed into a bag. At the actual desired site, all components are reassembled into the RPV airplane.

Nibong Tebal Pulau Pinang

ID : tm3139612367

JTst : A Parallel and Automated Java Unit Testing Tool

Although covering as much as 25 to 35 percent of the software development costs, current software testing practise is still based on highly manual processes from the generation of test cases (i.e. from the specification documents) up to the actual execution of the test. These manually generated test cases are sometimes execuated using ad hoc approach, typically requiring the construction of a test driver for the particular application under test. The construction of a test driver is tedious, prone and cumbersome as it puts extra burden to test engineers especially if the test cases are significantly large. In order to meet market demands and deadlines for more software functionalities, test engineers are alo under pressure to test increasing lines of code (i.e. to maintain the required level of quality).

Nibong Tebal Pulau Pinang

ID : tm3139712368

JERAGLAS (Hampas menjadi Emas)

Suatu produk kaca yang diberi nama JERAGLAS telah dihasilkan daripada bahan buangan atau jerami padi ini dan ianya boleh diibaratkan sebagai "mengubah hampas kepada emas". Kelebihan JERAGLAS terletak kepada hakikat bahawa bahan buangan atau jerami ini boleh digunakan sepenuhnya dan dengan tersenderinya untuk menghasilkan bahan kegunaan manusia yang bersinar bak emas, yakni bahan kaca pelbagai warna dan bentuk. Justeru itu, JERAGLAS merupakan suatu produk yang dibangunkan dengan teknologi Malaysia untuk memberi nilai tambah kepada suatu hasil tani yang sekian lama terbiar sebagai bahan buangan.

Nibong Tebal Pulau Pinang

ID : tm3139812369

JERA-Ash : Versatile Raw Materials for Glasses, Glazes and Polymers

The novelty of Jera Ash lies in the fact that this product
which is resourced from agricultural waste materials,
specifically jerami, can be produced in various grades
that can be tailored to speclfic end-uses in the glass,
ceramics and polymer indiuslries. The verbus grades are engineered through a novel proprietary process of pre-treatment followed by either a soft o hard firing
process. Much have been said about rice husks but there has never been similar research work on jerami (also from
the paddy plants). The ash that is produced has numerous attractive properties such as lightness, porosity and diversity in morphological forms. These attributes render the ash suitable for the intended applications in mind.

Nibong Tebal Pulau Pinang

ID : tm3139912370

IonExe: Novel Process for Leachate Treatment

Innovation sequential ion exchange (IonExe) treatment for mature landfill leachate via cationic-anionic and anionic-cationic processes was investigated in this research, aimed at treating ammoniacal nitrogen (NH_N), non-biodegradable subtances such as chemical oxygen demand (COD) and color from landfill leachate, simultaneously. Landfill leachate typically contains dangerous amounts of pollutants. Therefore, disposal of raw landfill leachate is hazardous to the ecological system. Accordingly, the treatment of landfill leachate is considered as an essential step prior to its discharge.

Nibong Tebal Pulau Pinang

ID : tm3140012371

In-vitro Production of Taste Modifying Protein from Thaummatococcus daniellii Through Integrated Designer Membrane Technology

Functional bio-proteins, thaumatin from Thaumatococcus danielli has sparked new interest amongst researchers and scientist alike due to increased demand for natural sweetening ingredients. Thaumatin, a sweet protein, is 3000 times sweeter than sugar on weight basis. The stability of thaumatin under acidic conditions and at high temperatures as well as pasteurization condition makes it a very attractive sweetener in food and pharmaceutical application. The study here would be aimed at not only on the alternative extraction method for thaumatin but also the production of it through plant cell culture with the incorporation of membrane technology. An aqueous two phase system (ATPS) would be a useful protein fractionation technique as it is mild in treatment in ensuring the protein functionality. The integration of ATPS into purification steps of thaumatin from the fruits would offer a reduction and shortening of the conventional purification steps. The development of ATPS would also serve as an excellent tool for the fractionation of thaumatin from the plant cell suspension culture to isolate the cell debris from liquid broth after homogenization. As for thaumatin production, plant tissue culture may be considered as feasible, potential means of producing TMP in a factory setting as well as source of them. Plant tissue culture could ensure a continuous supply of uniform quality, highly specialized natural compounds that cannot be produced in equal quality or specificity by other means of biotechnological production. The integration of membrane system into the plant suspension culture would provide rapid separation and initial volume reduction through the natural separation depending on size which involves no chemical changes. System integrating in-situ membrane separation has been shown to have a higher biomass density to the continuous removal of spent media and the replenishment with fresh media.

Nibong Tebal Pulau Pinang

ID : tm3140112372

Innovative Indicator Gel (In Digel) :Tools and Indicator for pH

The so-gel process is the basis of the in DiGel technology, in which polyhydroxy alcohol and its derivatives are gelatinized to form a stable gel. The incorporation of the biomolecules, anthocyanins of Carissa carandas is carried out during the formation of the gel. The anthocyanins are chosen as pH sensitive biopigments, since, they are natural and as such do not pose as environment hazard disposal after usage. The biopigments are extracted from the ripe berries of Carissa carandas, and they have been identified as pelargonidin-3-O-glucoside, cynidin-3-O-glucoside and cyanidin-3-O-rhamnoside.

Nibong Tebal Pulau Pinang

ID : tm3140212373

Innovative Heterogeneous Sonoreactor System for Enhanced and Greener Biodiesel Poduction Process

Biodiesel is the most potential alternative fuel and it can be produced from vegetables oils. The utilization of waste oils as the feedstock for this fuel will be economically interesting. Conventional homogeneous catalysts are expected to be eventually replaced by environmentally friendly heterogeneous catalyst. However, the main drawback is low reaction rate as the reactants i.e oil and methanol are not miscible with each other. The use of ultrasonic energy intensifies the emulsification of these reactants to further improve efficiency of the heterogeneous biodiesel production process.This innovative process provides a cleaner and environment friendly solution whereby the reaction time and catalyst loading can be significantly reduced, resulting in a cheaper biodiesel production process. With the ultrasonic reactor system, the reaction time to achieve 95% biodiesel yields is cut short to less than 30 min compared with about 2 hours with normal mixing and less methanol is also required.Significant savings in term of the energy requirement and higher productivity are therefore expected. Besides, the catalyst can be reused for several time to further result in cost saving. As Malaysia is the main producer of palm oil in the world which is identified as the most potential feedstock for biodiesel, the impact of this invention on Malaysian economy should be very significant. The innovative reactor system is also applicable to many reaction systems of similar nature.

Nibong Tebal Pulau Pinang

ID : tm3140312374


The trafic on a network is generated by hundreds of devices and thousands of software drivers and applications. Without the proper tools that can interpret , analyse and display network traffic and related problems, a network administrator is limited to the time-consuming trial and error method to identify a problem. With a network analyser application, auch problems can be immediately detected and solved.

Nibong Tebal Pulau Pinang

ID : tm3140412375

I2 Screen

In the medical field, images, especially digital images, are produced in ever-increasing quantities. More sophisticated approaches to image retrieval in order to optimally use the images for diagnostics and therapy purposes are surely desired. In the clinical decision-making process, a physician normally finds other images of the same modality, the same anatomic region of the same disease from the medical archive before making a diagnosis.

Nibong Tebal Pulau Pinang

ID : tm3140512376

High Performance of AI2O3/Y-TZP Filled PMMA Denture Base

The properties of PMMA denture base material has been improved using a specific addition of alumina/zirconia mixture. This product has higher flexural and tensile modulus, hardness and complies with ISO1567-2000. These superior properties have become better alternative to the existing denture base materials with almost similar price.

Nibong Tebal Pulau Pinang

ID : tm3140612377

Hexagonal Modular Pavement Systems (HMPS)

HMPS (Hexagonal modular, cubical, aggregates): High air voids > 35%, very permeable material, no splash and spray during rain, improves infiltration, decrease storm water runoff and environmental friendly road material.

Nibong Tebal Pulau Pinang

ID : tm3140712378

Hexagon Modular Pavement System

Permeable became a method in the mid-1940s to address storm water like concrete turf block for grass paving. Plastic versions were invented in the late ???70s and early ???80s. Interconnected void spaces in the pavement allow water to infiltrate into a sub-surface storage zone during rainfall. In underlying areas filled with highly permeable soils, the captured water infiltrates into the sub-soil. In areas containing soils of lower permeability, water can flow from the pavement through an under drained system. However, due to their weight (concrete pavers), minimum permeable surfaces and minimum loading capacity, the available systems are not suitable to fulfil the requirements of MSMA. In contrast, the HMPS provides a lighter product (made from PVC or HDPE), maximum permeable surface (more than 94%) and can cover up to 49.39 N/mm2 loading capacity. HMPS???s invention was based on the natural beehive structure.

Nibong Tebal Pulau Pinang

ID : tm3140812379

Heat pump Assisted Clothes Dryer

In densely built urban high-rise flats, natural drying of clothes is a problematic household chore that is aesthetically unacceptable as well. Natural drying of clothes in Malaysia is avery round hunid climate, limited sun rays and restricted air flows. The use of conventional electrical dryer is apractical but expensive solution for srying clothes is quite relevant and more so in the context of the growing use of air conditioners and progressive compactness of apartments.

Nibong Tebal Pulau Pinang

ID : tm3140912380

Handlaunced (UAV) 'Greentech 2020'

The umnaned eariel vehicle (UAV) is a small airplane that doesn't have the pilot on the board and driven by the normal petrol engine. The UAV can fly manually or by self (autonomously) due to the embedded computer integrated into the UAV. The UAV is suitable for earial monitoring and surveillance such as monitoring the dangreous area (earth quake, flooded, tsunami), monitoring the illegal logging/fishing and controlling and monitoring the boundary and coastal line. All these applications are implemented in the rural area far away from the city. It is difficult to find the airport for take-off and landing of UAV in such area. Because of the petrol engine used, the UAV released the CO and CO during the light and can affect the air pollution and conribute to the global warming. To solve, a hand-launched UAV, named UAV 'GreenTech 2020' has been designed and developed in such way this UAV don't need the run-away for take-off and landing and don't need the normal petrol to drive its engine. The UAV 'GreenTech 2020' is flown, just by launching by hand and driven by the electrical motor.

Nibong Tebal Pulau Pinang

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