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ID : tm3502715654

Low cost of Biogass Production via Sewage Sludge as New Source of Sustainable Energy

This experiment explores the production of biogas from sewage sludge as a form of sustainable energy source towards green energy application. Generally, this biogas can be applied as a cheap and renewable source of energy in many beneficial applications for future sustainability.

Jasin Melaka

ID : tm3502815655

Poultry Industrial Waste in Generating New Source of Solid Fuel Energy

Chicken feather fibres are mostly composed of keratin. In pellets, they were compared to other sources of solid fuel energy such as wood, oil palm and coconut shell to see their potential as a new source of solid fuel energy.

Jasin Melaka

ID : tm3002310994

Zero Cross Correlation Optical Code Division Multiple Access (OCDMA) Encoder/Decoder For Access Network Using FPGA

In this project, zero cross correlation code has been developed and embedded in optical encoder / decoder. The encoder / decoder consists of Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA), WDM Multiplexer (MUX) and optical switch technology for complete transmitter and receiver system design. It will be used to encode and decode optical source into useful signal to carry the data and transmit it using a single optical fibre.

Kangar Perlis

ID : tm3002410995

A Method of Producing Nanowires And A Product Derives Thereof

Silicon Nanowires is a new class of materials that have attracted attention and great research interest in the last few years because of their great potential applications in nanotechnology such as nanoelectronic, nanomechanical and biomedical engineering. Fabrication of Silicon Nanowires is one of the great challenges today. Conventional lithography methods are not capable to produce Nanowires and even with advance nanolithography sizes below 100 nm may not easily be achieved. The goal of this project is to form and produce very small Silicon Nanowires using a Top-Down Nanofabrication Method which involved Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) based Electron Beam Lithography (EBL) method. Initially, the Top-Down Nanofabrication Method based on EBL was the design of the Nanowires Pattern Design (NPD). The NPD has been done by software called RAITH ELPHY Quantum GDSII Editor. Next, the nanofabrication process flow development which consists of the detailed parameters and recipes are developed. Finally, the dimensions, developments and etch profiles of Siliocn Nanowires was investigated using High Power Microscope (HPM), imaging by Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) and surface topography by Atomic Force Microscope (AFM).

Kangar Perlis

ID : tm3002510996

Agro Fiber Polymer Composite Panel

Nowadays there is simultaneously a growing interest in both the development of new materials from renewable resources and composite materials with special features. Agro fiber based is one of the abundant lignocelluloses nature waste in Malaysia. It can be easily transformed into fibrous form which can be used as an organic filler or fiber in the plastics composite. Agro Fiber Polymer Composite Panel is an innovative panel that can be used in various applications such as furniture, building materials, decorative panel and others. The product showed impressive and comparable physical and mechanical properties beside its advantageous in using low cost fiber from renewable resources and unique appearance.

Kangar Perlis

ID : tm3002610997

Air Driven Bicycle

An engine that runs on compressed air with the only byproduct is air and can be used for transportation. A completed engine is assembled to a bicycle for demonstration purpose equipped with onboard rechargeable compressed air tank. The engine can be used indoor/warehouse for industrial forklift.

Kangar Perlis

ID : tm3002710998

BST Chemical Vapour Sensor

Barium Strontium Titanate (BST) thinfilm exhibits multimode properties which are Gas Sensing, Ferroelectric, Pyroelectric and Piezeoelectric.

Kangar Perlis

ID : tm3002810999

Chemistry Courseware for Form 5 (ALKENES)

This project has brings some benefits and advantages to the user of the system. It will become a new way in learning as it can give a new experience for students learning chemistry using animation in courseware. Besides that, this courseware is to use the concrete approach in teaching and learning module to increase student???s interest in learning chemistry in a new way which they can access rich media resource including animation, sound, picture and text and make the learning more exciting and entertaining. The expected output of this project is a collection of interactive learning, which can be operated using computer. The application should provide the interactive learning with simple animation. User should be able to understand the learning concept and answer the question given based on the notes and can play games that related to the learning. For the user interface design in this application contains design of a project or interface which player has direct contact with and which they interact to perform those activities. In this module, will provide some activity to allow student try to do what they have learn by drag the object to create the structure and name the isomers. Some element of animation was using in this module to make the learning more interesting. To make sure that development met user???s expectation and also to gain accuracy in terms of content presentation, testing was done to the target user and multimedia tester to show whether the application is successful or not.

Kangar Perlis

ID : tm3002911000

Computed Tomography Simulation Software

This simulation software is a tool to assist and expedite the learning process in Computed Tomography (CT). The
software is capable of performing the forward modeling based on the pre-defined image reconstruction algorithms
and sensor array arrangements.
Conventionally, to design and develop the tomography system, the mathematical modeling of the sensor projections
are needed in order to determine the suitable image reconstruction algorithm as well as estimating the image
reconstructed on the image plane. This process is time consuming and involves complex mathematical calculations.

Kangar Perlis

ID : tm3003011001

COPA-Bead : Composite beads from palm ash and crustacean shell for sorption of dye from textile industry

Textile manufacturing process requires large amount of water and variety of chemicals thus became a major sources of dYes discharged into water bodies which are mutagenic and carcinogenic to humans, non-biodegradable in native and not susceptible to effective degradation by traditional chemical or biological processes. Since costly activated carbon adsorption is one of the most viable method for dye removal, COPA-Bead is produce from food and agricultural wastes as a low cow cost but comparable adsorbent.

Kangar Perlis

ID : tm3003111002

COPA-Bead: Composite beads from palm ash and crustacean shell for sorption of dye from textile industry

Composite beads (COPA-Bead) derived from mixture of crustacean shell and palm ash, cross-linked with epichlorohydrin (ECH) have been proven to be effective in adsorption of dYes from textile industry. Crustacean shell and palm ash are low cost adsorbent since they are both abundant in nature, waste materials and require little processing.

Kangar Perlis

ID : tm3003211003

Dynamic-Active Washing Technology and Process

This is invention about a new introduced cloth washing method. It will require new technology so support these dynamic-active washing process. There is a non-rotating drum where the washing process takes place. It does not depend on the actuator which normally deficient which time to rotate and wash the cloth in the liquid solution. Water is directed pointed towards wash load and create abrasion and squeezing effect on the same time to carry the stain away from cloth. This active washing approach is more efficient than the available washing machine because there is pressurized water as a working liquid which ensure uniform mechanically cleaning. This could hence minimize the washing time and detergent used. The present of ultrasonic vibrator in the washing drum may further enhance the washing process. Figure 1 below are the process flow of the invention:

Kangar Perlis

ID : tm3003311004

Efficiency Increment of 0.5Hp Induction Motor By Using Different Thickness Of Rotor Steel Sheet

This project focuses on lowering induction motor copper loss and efficiency by varying the design of rotor frame by using different thickness of rotor lamination steel sheet and bar size and through research investigation; it is found that the loss can be reduced and efficiency will be increase by increasing the rotor bar slot size and lamination.

Kangar Perlis

ID : tm3003411005

Intelligent Green Buildings: Innovation for the Future

The Network Control System is equipped with Indoor Air Quality Sensor, Weather Station, IP Camera. It is built on the readily-available WSN and PXI System from MEMSIC and National Instruments. The ultimate goal of a harmonious building???s operation involves a complex coordination of diverse systems as Ventilation, Air Conditioning (HVAC), Indoor Air Quality, lighting control, structural integrity monitoring, access control and safety and security systems. Automation is required to optimize performance of disparate systems. Conventional wired networking solutions are expensive and often impossible to install in hard-to-reach areas of a building.

Kangar Perlis

ID : tm3003511006

KUKUM Artificial Marble

In order to diversify the usage of Batu Reput/ Dolomite and other minerals available in Perlis, UniMAP applies the high filler loading composite concept to manufacture artificial marble. KUKUM artificial marble based on polymer resin (thermoset or thermoplastic) and mineral filler for example Batu Reput/dolomite to create an artificial material that outperform and looks like natural marble physically, thermally and mechanically. Besides physical strength, this artificial marble provides the lower cost in end product processing.
KUKUM artificial marble can be processed as a one-piece structure, so it can eliminates the problem of assembly by providing a one-piece solution. KUKUM artificial marble allows the creation of many shape and structures. It is non-porous, leaving no stains and can be in any colors.

Kangar Perlis

ID : tm3003611007


An improved version of the in-house developed electronic nose. The prototype development involves hardware, software and the design and fabrication of case and odour capturing module. One of the main objectives of the development of MNOSE is to provide a lower cost alternative to the commercially available electronic nose and recognition system. The system is also designed to be superior pattern recognition ability. The prototype was developed using off-the-shelf components combined with rapid prototyping techniques. The Metal-Oxide Electronic NOSE (M-NOSE)is able to detect and differentiate different sample odours by recognizing the specific odour profile. The M-NOSE uses an mounted on a PCB. The odour profile are perceived as the individual odour fingerprint for that particular sample and uses artificial intelligence for recognition.

Kangar Perlis

ID : tm3003711008

Modified Double Weight (MDW) Code for Ocdma FTTH Network using FGPA Based

Modified Double Weight (MDW) code is a DW code family variation that has variable weights of greater than two. This code possesses numerous advantages including the efficient and easy code construction, simple encoder/decoder design, existence for every natural number n, ideal cross-correlation ( = 1) and higher SNR. A new design of encoder and decoder proposed has a great potential to become one of the optical communication transmitters and receiver system because the code can be easily selected and applicable to any code in OCDMA systems and signals can be transmitted for long distances up to 100 km, which is the maximum distance for Local Area Network application (eg. Fiber To The Home (FTTH)).

Kangar Perlis

ID : tm3003811009

Multi Purpose Household Cleaner

Many modern cleaning product contain harmful irritants, dYes, solvent and even toxic chemical. It may cause allergy, eye and skin irritation and other health problems. Multi Purpose Household Cleaner provides a good safe alternative to chemical cleaners for a clean and greener home. This product is bio-friendly cleaner which do not contain unnecessary chemicals.

Kangar Perlis

ID : tm3003911010

Nano Structure Patterning By Standard CMOS Technology Process

The realization of reliable nano devices requires the improvement of fabrication techniques to form the nanometer-sized structures and pattern. Organizing these nano structures can be fabricated with a combination of lithography and etching techniques. However, these patterning technology encounters many challenges which arise from not only cost and time but also compatibility of current technology.

Kangar Perlis

ID : tm3004011011

Naturally Ventilated Solar Drying Structure and Shelve Facility for Drying of Agricultural Products

Naturally Ventilated Transparent Solar Drying Structure utilizes ventilation effect, blackbody concept and buoyancy. It was designed constructed and tested locally and abroad under United Nation Development Program (UNDP). In addition, multiple layer shelves were also constructed to facilitate the drying process. The solar dryer structure was designed to trap solar radiation energy that heat up in-house ambient air and also reducing air relative humidity by stack effect process. Moreover, the floor was painted black to increase radiation absorption and then radiates the heat by conduction, convection and radiation. The process of air thermal buoyancy (stack effect) is naturally induced by temperature different pressure between inside and outside temperature with the aid of adjustable windows and tall black chimney. The Solar Drying Structure was made of reinforced concrete foundation, reinforced concrete floor with painted finished, galvanized steel square hollow section frames, clear polyethylene thermic film cladding and black sheet metal chimney. The structure was designed according to standard engineering code of practice, natural ventilation and drying process requirements. These requirements induce high temperature, low relative humidity and high ventilation rate inside the structure. Ventilation is necessary to exchange the inside and outside air as a pre-requisite in the drying process. The structure was made pre-fabricated portal steel structural frame, straight side wall, gable roofing and chimney. The width, length and high of the structure are 9m long, 9m wide and 4m high respectively, while the chimney height is 6m. in addition, the structure has double door and bottom window (0.02% of total cladding) for the protection against insects and vent opening respectively. Numbers of four layers hardwood shelves were spaciously constructed inside the solar drying structure. The floor of the rack was made of galvanized steel mesh to provide convection hot air movement between the drying products. In addition, the shelves were built for proper working flow to facilitate material handlings.

Kangar Perlis

ID : tm3004111012

New Detection Technique Using RANDOM DIAGONAL (RD) Code For FTTH Network

Recently, many researchers are proposed Fiber-to-the home (FTTH) for area network. Their proposals are based on complementary detection technique. This invention proposed the novel FTTH structures based on the RANDOM DIAGONAL (RD) code in metropolitan area network environment using a newly proposed spectral direct detection technique. One of the important properties of this code is that the cross correlation at data segment is always zero, which means that Phase Intensity Induced Noise (PIIN) is reduced. The results which are obtained mainly from the experimental simulation works are presented. In the simulation analysis, the study will be focused on the point-to-point network using the RD code. The results are taken from the studies on the effect of distance, bit rate, and input power. Finally, the overall FTTH system cost and complexity can be reduced because of the less number of filters used in spectral direct detection technique especially for high number of users.

Kangar Perlis

ID : tm3004211013

Novel Geopolymer Binder Friction Composites

Friction composite is an important part, especially in braking system for all types of vehicles. Phenolic resin is the most favourable binder in existing friction composites. Nowadays the development of geopolymer product was rapidly growth. The use of geopolymer materials as alternative binder in friction composites was a novel approach. The properties such as wear and mechanical are comparable to the existing phenolic based friction materials in the market.

Kangar Perlis

ID : tm3004311014

Novel Multiplex Diagnostic Kit For E.coli, Salmonella and Listeria

This diagnostic kit provides a simple, rapid non-invasive, label-free and multiplex detection of food-borne pathogen leads to E.coli, Salmonella and listeria. Alide promoting with gold nano particles included biosensor and three channel microfluidic were used to develop the nano bio-on-chip kit.

Kangar Perlis

ID : tm3004411015

Novel Volcano Ash Artificial Geopolymer Aggregate New Technology Approach Using Geopolymerization Process with Low Temperature

Artificial aggregate with volcano ash (produced from freshly volcano mud) was evaluated as an aggregate that suitable used in concrete and lightweight concrete. This aggregate was produced by mixing the volcano ash alkaline activator which classified as geopolymer. The volcano ash artificial geopolymer aggregate can be formed by sintering process at 300 6000Cfor 1 hour. This artificial geopolymer aggregate have high strength, less water absorption and porosity with acceptable density which are comparable to the existence of aggregate in market. This aggregate can help to reduce global warming due to its geopolymerization process. In addition, the production of this volcano ash artificial geopolymer aggregate is using low temperature processing.

Kangar Perlis

ID : tm3004511016

Power Inhaler Accessory Device (PIAD)

Metered-dose inhalers have been used since the mid-1950s. They are compact, convenient and relatively inexpensive if used optimally. Poor inhalation technique is one of major problems among asthma (COPD) patients who use MDI. These problems has been present for long time and affect the outcome of chronic airway diseases. though, there was attention given to this problem through teaching inhalation technique but that wasn't enough to solve the problems. Therefore, adding spacer can dramatically decrease the amount of medicine deposited in the back of the mouth or on the tongue, allowing much more of the medicine to reach the lungs and decrease the doses needed to achieve a desired clinical response. However, current spacer design may need to be modified for better outcome.

Kangar Perlis

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