Flood is a type of natural disaster which needs prompt response from the responsible agencies in managing the emergency situation. In Malaysia, flood management involves multiple agencies that operate as one committee at three different levels; district, state and national. Flooding can occur at any time and any place due to the changes in global weather and development. People were caught in flooding unexpectedly due to unawareness of oncoming flood and agencies involved in providing assistance were unable to operate efficiently due to lack of information and uncertainty. The difficulties observed in manually managing flood at various levels and places in Malaysia have motivated this work in developing a virtual flood management support system.
Inefficient and delay in response during flooding is the major problem of disaster management in many places of the world especially in developing countries like Malaysia. This is due to the absence of the disaster management system that can be used by the flood committee. A computer support system is required in assisting the response committee to provide prompt response to the flood victims. The committee should be able to access the system virtually as communication between from one place to another is not possible during flooding. The system should be comprehensive enough in recording and providing data and information related to flood activities such as flood alertness, flood response and flood reporting.
Virtual flood management support system is developed to improve the overall flood management operation of the flood committee. The system is intended to record and provide information on flooding and support the various activities in the three phases of flooding: before, during and after.
The virtual flood management support system can be used by the flood management committee at either national, state or district level. This system provides, the management of flood response activities as well as producing reports when flood is over. Prompt response to the flood victims can be provided by the agencies that are responsible in managing the emergency situation. This system provides the recording of information related to the flood management support activities and the committee can use the information for decision making.
The system can be used by all flood management committee in Malaysia at various levels of management. It also can be customized to meet the international requirement of managing the flood operations.