Geographic Information System (GIS) Performs the functions of capture, management, analysis and Representation of spatial information along with intentions to decrease the cost of geodata management and further increase the return of investment of geodata collection and
establishment. Different GIS deals with huge amount of information in different data formats and platforms. With a very limited interoperability, it is difficult to locate and retrieve data from different GIS platforms. For GIS users it hinders spatial data and information sharing. Although rapid development of Internet made spatial data easily available and more accessible, lack of interoperability and compatibility made those
data not always usable. To overcome these obstacles, development of clearinghouse and semantic translator are crucial.