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Focus ON: Awareness on Multiple Exceptionalities
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The exhibit is an informational sheet on the occurrence of multiple exceptionalities among children with special educational needs. Children with multiple exceptionalities/ disabilities that may include: speech, physical and mobility, learning, sensory (visual and hearing), and possibly others. They can also exhibit behavior and or social problem and will vary in severity and characteristics. Educational services for children with special educational needs mainly focused on mono disability. However, there are also those with additional unidentified exceptionality present in the school system. A study on the profile and prevalence of children with multiple exceptionalities were carried in selected schools in Selangor and Kuala Lumpur. The information in the exhibit is an excerpt of a cross-sectional study to determine the prevalence and the leading cause of visual impairment among children with learning disabilities. It involved 30 children in the Special Education Integration Programmed for students with learning disabilities in a school in Kuala Lumpur. Vision screening consisting of visual acuity test was carried out o these children. The findings revealed that 22 children (73%) failed the screening test and indicated having some forms of visual impairment. Further optometric examination found that the types of visual impairment experienced by the children include refractive error (23.3%), strabismus (16.7%), amblyopia (6.7%), and others. This shows that prevalence of visual impairment is high among children with learning disabilities. The importance of increasing awareness on children with learning disabilities who may have other hidden special needs is important as barriers to their learning potentials can be lessened. There are pedagogical and social implications on the kind of support for children with multiple exceptionalities in the school system.

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Organization Name
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Faculty of Educational, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia,
43600 Bangi
Selangor
Malaysia

Full Name [1]
Dr. Manisah Mohd Ali
Email [1]
mma@ukm.my