MASTIC has implements the collection of the research and development (R&D) activities in the country to get the status, trends and statistics of national R&D for a period of financial year. National survey of R&D has been implemented by MASTIC in the biennial since 1994 (for the financial year 1992).
Beginning from financial year 2008, the National survey R&D had held each year to meet the demand by internal and external stakeholders of MASTIC.
The findings of the study will be used to measure the performance of national R&D activities by comparing to the targets set by Government and also used for international comparison.
- This study adopted Frascati Manual guidelines issued by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) to enable benchmarking and international comparison.
- This study is conducted using census study includes all public and private organisations that conduct R&D activities in a financial year.
- Public sector consists of institutions of higher learning (IHL) and government agencies & research institutes (GRI), while the Business Enterprise sector (BE) consists of government companies, government-linked companies and private companies/industries.
- The data collection of this study is through filling manually the questionnaire, in which organisations are asked to report R&D activities in bulk (by organisation).
Definition of research and development activities (R & D) by Frascati Manual:
Research and experimental development (R&D) comprise creative and systematic work undertaken in order to increase the stock of knowledge – including knowledge of humankind, culture and society – and to devise new applications of available knowledge.
MASTIC will carry out the National R&D Study 2017 to collect data on R&D activities conducted in financial year 2016.