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Summary

The figure shows the gross expenditure (GERD) in Malaysia has been steadily increasing since 2000. For fiscal year 2015, Malaysia recorded the highest GERD recorded at RM15 058 million, an increase of 148.04% over the GERD value in 2008 (RM6,070.8 million). The intensity of R&D, a measure of the percentage of GERD to GDP (GERD/GDP) also shows an increment as the GERD value continuously increased since 2004. In 2015, the GERD/GDP was 1.30%, an increment of 64.56% compared to year 2008 (0.79%). 

Summary

The figure show that the business enterprise (BE) sector has remained as the largest contributor to spur of R&D activities in Malaysia until 2015. The business enterprise (BE) sector is major exploiter on that year (RM7,824 million, 51.95%). The second major contributer in R&D is Higher Learning Institution (HLI), with the value of RM 4,289 million (28.48%). Vice versa, the minor contributer goes to government agencies & research institutes (GRI) RM2,946 million (19.56%).

Summary

The figure show, it can be observed that the number of active researchers was constantly increased since 2006. The highest number of researchers was recorded in 2015, with total of 89 861, an increase of 185.80% over the number of researchers in 2008 (31,442). On the other hand, the number of researchers per 10,000 labour forces in 2015 was at 62 people.