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The STI Facility and Equipment Inventory Survey 2012/2013 was carried out as a continuous exercise to obtain updated and comprehensive data on the STI facilities and equipment available in Malaysia. This was important as the number of STI facilities and equipment has been steadily increasing over the years attributed to the growing number of research and development (R&D) institutions such as universities, centres of excellence and high-tech industries.

STI facility is defined as the place where research and scientific activities carried out such as a laboratory, the monitoring center and place of testing. STI equipment is equipment used to support STI activities, including research, testing, and monitoring that has cost more than RM200,000.00 for each instrument.

Hence, the data is important for policymakers and researchers in identifying the availability of STI facilities and equipment in the country. This will also promote efficient management of resources by encouraging sharing of STI equipment at various facilities in different organisations nationwide. In addition, it will also assist government agencies and other organisations in determining the need for acquisition of new science and technology assets in the future.

Summary

The figure shows the breakdown in percentage of distribution of STI facilities and equipment available in Malaysia by respective geographical zones. The findings show that the distribution of equipment almost proportionate to the distribution of the facilities available in particular geographical area. The majority of facilities were located in the Central and Southern zones at a share of 40.5% and 23.2% of total facilities respectively. The Central region also housed the majority of the scientific equipment at 50.9% followed by those located in Sabah and Sarawak at 17.4% of the total number of equipment.

Summary

The figure display the proportion of scientific equipment by different type of analysis which was found that the equipment utilised for chemical analysis constituted 39.8% of the total number of equipment, followed by those utilised for physical and biological analyses respectively. Only 3.0% of the total number of equipment was registered as needed for S&T work involving mathematical analysis.

Summary

The figure shows the distribution of various scientific equipment in Malaysia recorded according to different type of organisation. The results indicate that the highest number of equipment amongst the respondents belong to institutions of higher learning (50.5%) followed by hospitals (22.8%).

Summary

The pie chart shows the breakdown of scientific equipment by level of usage. It was recorded that 41.6% of the equipment were heavily used and 41.9% at moderate usage. This shows that the current scientific equipment was at optimum level where there was only 16.5% of the equipment registered at low usage.